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Search Results for 'Psychology Notes'
Reading Notes for PSY1101 from Myer 41 pp.

MYER’S PSYCHOLOGY, 9TH EDITION READINGS FOR PSY1101 PROLOGUE: THE STORY OF PSYCHOLOGY PROLOGUE: THE STORY OF PSYCHOLOGY (p. 1- 17) Psychology’s Roots - Psychology: the scientific study of behaviour and mental processes. Prescientific Psychology - Socrates and Plato concluded that the mind is separate from the body and knowledge is innate - Aristotle believed that soul is not separate from the body, and knowledge grows from experiences - Rene Descartes agreed with Socrates and Plato. He dissected animals and concluded fluid in brain’s cavities contained “animal spirits”, which flowed from the b
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Chapter 4- Nature, Nurtue and Human Diversity 9 pp.

Chapter Four: Nature, Nurture, and Human Diversity I. Introduction  What makes you, you?  Is who we are the result of our genes (nature) or is it the result of our upbringing (nature)?  Nature: the result of our genes  Nurture: everything else other than genes, the culture you were bought up in, the country and family you were brought up in, the school you went to  Nurture you can also say environment or experience  There is an interaction between nature and nurture II. The Nature Component A.      Genes: our biological blueprint Our body is made up of millions of cells, in every ce
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Chapter 5- Development 16 pp.

Chapter 5 ± Development I. Introduction  Developmental psychology: they study how we change from the moment of birth to death, how we change, morally, physically, psychologically  Development: patterns of change that begin at conception and continue throughout the lifespan  5 major issues:  Nature/nurture  Continuity/stages: does development occur in stages or is development continuous? If we have stages then from one stage to the next we see major significant changes ex. changing from a caterpillar to a butterfly, they believe development occurs in a continuous and stage way  Stability/
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Chapter 10 - Intelligence 8 pp.

Chapter 10 ± Intelligence I. What is intelligence? A. Definition of intelligence: there is no definition, because there is no agreement among researchers about what intelligence is, although there are certain components of intelligence that researchers agree on y think rationale y solve problems y act purposefully y effectively cope with the world B. One or several intelligences? B1. The Factor-Analysis Approach  Is intelligence one single ability, or we have multiple intelligences that are independent from each other  In order to answer this question, some researchers have used factor analy
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Chapter 14 - Psychological Disorders.docx 14 pp.

Chapter 14 – Psychological Disorders I.   Perspective on Psychological Disorders A. Introduction Abnormal Psychology: psychologists scientifically study mental illness, the symptoms, causes, progress, treatment and the prevention Prevalence: based on a survey, psychological orders and more prevalent then what people think  Survey questions: o Based in the past month have you experience a psychological disorder: 26% yes o Have you experienced a mental illness within your lifetime: ? Help? Over 60% of people with mental illness do not seek help, and those who do often do not receive adequate
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Chapter 12 - Emotions, Stress and Health.docx 8 pp.

Chapter 12 – Emotions, Stress and Health (p. 527 – 549) I. Stress & Illness A. Introduction  Diseases that killed us in 1900  Tuberculosis  Pneumonia  Diarrhea  Diseases that kill us today  Heart disease  Cancer  Stroke  10 leading causes of death today, half the mortality rate is due to our behaviours  Smoking  Not exercising  High fat diets  Not following doctors recommendations  Unprotected sex  Abusing alcohol and illegal drugs  Behavioural medicine: combining psychological and medial principles in knowledge  Health psychology: psychological part, this field is exploding B
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Chapter 13 - Personlity.docx 4 pp.

Chapter 13 – Personality I. II. EARN A POINT – p. 553-572 big pay off!!!! Contemporary Research on Personality A. What is personality?  The typical way you think, feel and behave  Evaluating the Trait Perspective (see earn a point)  The person – situation controversy: are behaviours affected by internal predispositions or by the situations one is in?  For decades the answer to this was, according to trait perspective, behaviours are affected by internal predispositions, until Walter Mischel came along and criticised the trait perspective saying traits are poor predictors of behaviours  Se
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Lecture Notes for the Developing Person Lectures from Klempan 15 pp.

LECTURE III Thursday, January-14-10 THE DEVELOPING PERSON (CH. 4) AGENDA: 1- Developing Issues - Nature-nurture - Continuity- stages - Stability-change 2- The Newborn - Competent newborn (perception) 3- Infancy and Childhood - Brain development – maturation - Cognitive development – Piaget - Social development - origins of attachment - familiarity - responsive parenting - child rearing practices 4- Adolescence - Developing morality (Kohlberg) - Social development from adolescence to adulthood - Erikson Note: you need to know the names of the theorists!! Development monitors CHANGE, and DIFFERE
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Lecture notes on personality Lectures from Klempan 14 pp.

PERSONALITY LECTURE 7 Monday, February-01-10 Personality (CH 15) Agenda 1- Personality 2- Psychoanalytic Perspective - Approaches/models -topographic - dynamic - structural - developmental stage - defense mechanisms - assessing the unconscious - Rorschach - evaluation 3- Trait Perspective - Factor analysis - Hans Eysenck - The big five - assessing traits - MMPI - evaluation 4- Humanistic Perspective - Abraham Maslow - Carl Rogers - Evaluation What does mean? - characteristics (the trait approach) - trait theorists in day-to-day life Personality Definition - Characteri
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Chapter 15 - Therapies.docx 13 pp.

Chapter 15 – Therapies I. The Psychological Therapies A. Introduction  2 kinds, psychological and biomedical therapy with the same goal, they want to help people, but they have different assumptions and methods  Psychological therapies: make the assumption that at the heart of psychological disorders and psychological factors therefore psychological methods must be used to deal with the problem  Eclectic approach: some therapists specialize in one therapy and stick with it, but other therapists use the eclectic approach, they pick and choose from different therapies based on what works best
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Lecture notes for therapy Lectures from Klempan 10 pp.

THERAPY LECTURES LECTURE 17 Monday, March-15-10 Therapy Agenda 1- MODERN TREATMENT - deinstitutionalization - professions involved in psychotherapy 2- PSYCHOLOGICLA THERAPIES - psychoanalysis - humanistic - behavioural - cognitive - group 3- EVALUATING PSYCHOTHERAPIES - effectiveness - relative effectiveness of different therapies - commonalities among psychotherapies 4- BIOMEDICAL THERAPIES - drugs - electroconvulsive therapy - psychosurgery VIDEO: Early Treatments of Mental Disorders - crude, cruel, largely unaffective - HYDROTHERAPY: patients sprayed by water in order to stimulate them - WE
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Social Psych - Final 8 pp.

Chapter 7 through 13 summarized in detail through study sheets. What I am using to study for this final.
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Chapter 2 - Research Methods.docx 9 pp.

PSY 2105 F Chapter 2 Research Methods September 12th 2012 What is Science?  A process of inquiry Lessons from “Clever Hans”         Famous European horse “Clever Hans” Early 20th century Answered questions about geography, science, math, etc… Responded to many languages Used hoof taps or nods Many scientists concluded that von Osten was right o Hans answered correctly even when master not present psychologist Oskar Pfungst was skeptical o Performed simple
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Second Midterm Study Sheets 8 pp.

Sensation Sensory input and transmission is objective. Audition y y Result of collision of air, molecules resulting in compression and expansion of air ´wavesµ Frequency (time between waves ² determine wavelength, cause the ear drum to vibrate), Intensity (# molecules put into motion reflect strength- decibel=dB measure of sound pressure level) The auditory nerve initially synapses in the medulla of the hindbrain, where info is extracted. y Risks of hearing o Conduction hearing loss: damage to the sensitive middle ear mechanical device o Sensorieneural hearing loss: damage to the cochlea (o
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Midterm review Comprehensive review notes from the first half of the course. Textbook and lecture notes have been integrated. 25 pp.

Introduction - Socrates and Plato – the mind is separable from the body and continues after death and knowledge is innate - Aristotle – the soul is not separable from the body and the body holds the particular parts of the soul. Knowledge is not innate and is derived from experiences and memories - Rene Descartes (1595-1650) – agreed with Socrates. Dissected animals and found “animal spirits” in the brain and these flowed through the nerves (which are hollow) to the muscles to make movement. Memories formed when experience pores in the brain opened, allowing the inflow of spirits. - Francis Ba
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Lecture notes for Intelligence Lectures from Klempan 5 pp.

LECTURE 6 Thursday, January-28-10 Intelligence (Ch. 11) 1 – Origins of Intelligence Testing - Binet - Terman 2 – Intelligence - one general ability vs several specific abilities - general intelligence - factor analysis 3- Assessing Intelligence - modern tests of mental abilities 4- Principles of Test Construction - standardization - reliability - validity 5- Genetic & Environmental Influences on Intelligence - genetic influences - What is a test? - it is a SAMPLE of analysis - Sample of behaviour, of knowledge, etc. - In psychology, psychology test is usually behaviour Origins of Intelligence
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Lecture notes for psychological disorders Lectures from Klempan 13 pp.

LECTURE 13 PSYCHOLOGICAL DISORDERS (CH 16) AGENDA 1 – Defining Psych. Disorders 2 – Understanding Psych. Disorders 3 – Classifying Psych. Disorders 4 – Labelling Systems 5 – Anxiety Disorders 6 – Mood Disorders 7 – Schizophrenia 8 – Personality Disorders What is a psychological disorder? What’s involved in that? - Insanity  specific type of professional uses this word (legal term, exclusively a legal term) They are not able to appreciate the reality of what they are doing. They are not accountable of their actions. - Mental discord as described by the client - hallucinations - hearing things
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Lecture notes for stress and health Lectures from Klempan 4 pp.

STRESS AND HEALTH LECTURE 20 Thursday, March-25-10 Stress and Health (CH. 14) Agenda 1- Stress & Illness - defining stress - stress response system - physiological response - stressful life events - characteristics of - reactions to stress - psychological General Definition of Stress - process of perception and response to an event (stressor) that is perceived as physically or psychologically threatening or challenging - stress understood by how person appraises situations in terms of - motives and needs - resources for coping - two critical processes that determine stressfulness 1- Cognitive
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Lecture notes for social psychology Lectures from Klempan 5 pp.

LECTURE 22 Thursday, April-08-10 SOCIAL PSYCHOLOGY (CH 18) Agenda 1 – SOCIAL THINKING - attributing behaviour to persons or situations 2- SOCIAL INFLUENCE - conformity - group pressure and conformity - conformity to a majority - group influence - social facilitation - deindividuation - minority influence - obedience 3- SOCIAL RELATIONS - altruism - bystander intervention Social Thinking Social Psychology - scientific study of how people relate to, influence and think about others  ATTRIBUTING BEHAVIOUR TO PERSONS OR SITUATIONS - we tend to adopt the traits of how we’re supposed to behave Attr
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