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All Educational Materials for PHIL-215 at MacEwan University

Epistemology

[PHIL 215] - Final Exam Guide - Everything you need to know! (49 pages long)
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MacEwan PHIL 215 FINAL EXAM STUDY GUIDE find more resources at oneclass.com The 2 dogmas: 1. The analyticsynthetic distinction 1. Reductionism: every meaningful statement can be reduced to a construct of immediate experien...

Philosophy
PHIL-215
Octavian
PHIL 215 Lecture 17: PRACTICES OF SILENCING lecture
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PRACTICES OF SILENCING:TWO TESTIMONIAL OPPRESSIONS -.The problem of testimonial quieting occurs when an audience fails to identify a speaker as a knower. A speaker needs an audience to identify, or at least recognize, he...

Philosophy
PHIL-215
Octavian
PHIL-215 Lecture Notes - Lecture 16: Consequentialism, Illocutionary Act, Maladjusted
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find more resources at oneclass.com -claim that attempting to give a conceptual reading of the epistemic violence present when silencing occurs can help distinguish the different ways members of oppressed groups are s...

Philosophy
PHIL-215
Octavian
PHIL-215 Lecture Notes - Lecture 15: If And Only If
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Goldman’s Causal Theory of Knowledge I. The Causal Theory Introduced -The basic idea behind the causal theory of knowledge: in order have knowledge, one’s belief that things are thus-and-so must be caused by t...

Philosophy
PHIL-215
Octavian
PHIL 215 Lecture 14: TESTIMONIAL INJUSTICE
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TESTIMONIAL INJUSTICE -Broadly speaking, prejudicial dysfunction in testimonial practice can be of two kinds. Either the prejudice results in the speaker’s receiving more credibility than she otherwise would have—a credi...

Philosophy
PHIL-215
Octavian
PHIL-215 Lecture Notes - Lecture 13: Parking Enforcement Officer
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POWER: -In order to paint a portrait of testimonial injustice and to home in on its distinctive central case, we need to answer these questions about the nature of social power in general and the particular kind of socia...

Philosophy
PHIL-215
Octavian
PHIL-215 Lecture Notes - Lecture 12: Helen Longino, Reflective Equilibrium, Immanence
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V. Reflective Equilibrium and the Search for "Our" Concepts -reflective equilibrium: a standard for competence that allows performance errors: once examined closely the mistaken performances will be shown not to accord w...

Philosophy
PHIL-215
Octavian
PHIL-215 Lecture Notes - Lecture 11: If And Only If, Pragmatics, Supervenience
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II. Questions -Questions of the form, "What is X?" (or What is it to be an X?) are often used to demand an articulation or clarification of the concept of X: What is the (ordinary?) concept of knowledge?3 What is the prope...

Philosophy
PHIL-215
Octavian
PHIL-215 Chapter Notes - Chapter Kornblith: Laurence Bonjour, Reliabilism, Clairvoyance
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EVER SINCE DESCARTES Author: Hilary Kornblith -Epistemology has changed dramatically since Descartes, but many of the questions epistemologists address today are no different from the questions Descartes addressed. -four...

Philosophy
PHIL-215
Octavian
PHIL-215 Lecture Notes - Lecture 10: Ex-Gay Movement, Reductionism, Empirical Evidence
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The Second Dogma Recall the vericationists theory of meaning. Maybe synonymous statements are statements that have the same verication conditions. Maybe the analytic truths are conrmed by any observation (or none?). But: J...

Philosophy
PHIL-215
Octavian
PHIL-215 Lecture Notes - Lecture 10: Salva Veritate, Cognitive Synonymy
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The 2 dogmas: 1. The analyticsynthetic distinction 1. Reductionism: every meaningful statement can be reduced to a construct of immediate experience. Quine thinks that each dogma is false. When we come to recognize that th...

Philosophy
PHIL-215
Octavian
PHIL-215 Chapter Notes - Chapter -lecture-: Rudolf Carnap, Pure Mathematics, Jargon
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find more resources at oneclass.com Restrictive rules: 1. Rule of actuality: The possibility that actually obtains is never properly ignored; actuality is always a relevant alternative; nothing fa...

Philosophy
PHIL-215
Octavian
PHIL-215 Chapter Notes - Chapter Quine: Rudolf Carnap, Logical Truth, Reductionism
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Quine: the Two Dogmas of Empiricism Reading Notes 1. One is a belief in some fundamental cleavage between truths which are analytic, or grounded in meanings independently of matter...

Philosophy
PHIL-215
Octavian
PHIL-215 Study Guide - Midterm Guide: If And Only If, Counterfactual Conditional, Linda Trinkaus Zagzebski
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find more resources at oneclass.com Midterm Practice: 1. What is Nozick’s conception of knowledge? -knowledge is truth tracking ability: someone possesses knowledge if the proposition is true, and the person would b...

Philosophy
PHIL-215
Octavian
PHIL-215 Chapter Notes - Chapter Lewis: Fallibilism, If And Only If, Epistemic Closure
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find more resources at oneclass.com Elusive Knowledge (Reading notes) The sceptical argument is nothing new. It is just this: it seems as if knowledge must be by definition infallible. If you claim that S knows that ...

Philosophy
PHIL-215
Octavian

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