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All Educational Materials for BIOL 2021 at York University (YORKU)

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YORKBIOL 2021PatWinter

BIOL 2021 Study Guide - Midterm Guide: Extracellular Fluid, Choline, Phagocyte

18 Page
13 Apr 2017
Regulation of vesicle formation: 13-14: lipid marker: phosphinositides, coat recruitment gtpases: Gef: guanine nucleotide exchange factor is active. Ar
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YORKBIOL 2021N/ AWinter

BIOL 2021 Midterm: cheatsheet

4 Page
22 Jul 2016
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YORKBIOL 2021Nicole NivillacSummer

BIOL 2021 Study Guide - Midterm Guide: Ldl Receptor, Lipid Bilayer Fusion, Secretion

19 Page
4 Apr 2016
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YORKBIOL 2021Nicole NivillacSummer

BIOL 2021 Study Guide - Midterm Guide: Fluorescent Tag, Dapi, Phosphatidylcholine

9 Page
17 Sep 2014
Biol2021 test 1: version a: you are completing version a. Bubble in a beside #1 on your scantron. While observing it under the fluorescence microscope,
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YORKBIOL 2021Patricia Lakin- ThomasWinter

[BIOL 2021] - Midterm Exam Guide - Comprehensive Notes for the exam (93 pages long!)

93 Page
7 Feb 2017
Evolution history is important: video 16. 1: neutrophil chase. How is phagocytosis initiated by cell when engulfing bacteria. Calcium indicator its rol
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YORKBIOL 2021Helen ChasiotisWinter

BIOL 2021 Study Guide - Final Guide: Receptor Tyrosine Kinase, Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation, Protein Kinase A

OC23674016 Page
28 Apr 2015
92
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YORKBIOL 2021Joel ShoreSummer

BIOL 2021 Study Guide - Summer 2018, Comprehensive Midterm Notes - Bacteria, Carbon Dioxide, Oxygen

45 Page
12 Oct 2018
An infectous agent that could not be fltered. Ha and na are found in infuenna virus. Virus can shif to a &uch &ore pathogenic strain if two strains co&
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YORKBIOL 2021Patricia Lakin- ThomasSpring

BIOL 2021- Final Exam Guide - Comprehensive Notes for the exam ( 297 pages long!)

297 Page
29 Mar 2018
Signals can be large or small: large signal molecules are usually intracellular signaling proteins, small molecules are usually second messengers: intr
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YORKBIOL 2021PatWinter

BIOL 2021 Study Guide - Final Guide: Laminin, Prophase, Mechanotransduction

OC23103414 Page
13 Apr 2017
0
Yeast mutants called cdc cell division cycle. Checkpoints: *start: enter cell cycle if conditions are favorable, g2/m transition entry into mitosis - i
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YORKBIOL 2021Joel ShoreSummer

BIOL 2021 Study Guide - Comprehensive Final Exam Guide - Bacteria, Carbon Dioxide, Oxygen

45 Page
20 Nov 2018
An infectous agent that could not be fltered. Ha and na are found in infuenna virus. Virus can shif to a &uch &ore pathogenic strain if two strains co&
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YORKBIOL 2021Helen ChasiotisWinter

BIOL 2021 Study Guide - Midterm Guide: Mitogen-Activated Protein Kinase Kinase, Receptor Tyrosine Kinase, Guanine Nucleotide Exchange Factor

OC2367408 Page
25 Apr 2015
61
Figure a: actin filaments, intermediate filaments, microtubules, neurofilaments, keratin. When you put them in the appropriate solution and turn on the
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YORKBIOL 2021Patricia Lakin- ThomasWinter

BIOL 2021- Final Exam Guide - Comprehensive Notes for the exam ( 37 pages long!)

37 Page
29 Mar 2018
Example of light driven active transport: fig 10-31a bacteriorhodopsin: each bacteriorhodopsin molecule is folded into 7 closely packed transmembrane.
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YORKBIOL 2021Patricia Lakin- ThomasSpring

BIOL 2021- Final Exam Guide - Comprehensive Notes for the exam ( 297 pages long!)

297 Page
29 Mar 2018
Signals can be large or small: large signal molecules are usually intracellular signaling proteins, small molecules are usually second messengers: intr
View Document
YORKBIOL 2021Joel ShoreSummer

BIOL 2021 Study Guide - Comprehensive Final Exam Guide - Bacteria, Carbon Dioxide, Oxygen

45 Page
20 Nov 2018
An infectous agent that could not be fltered. Ha and na are found in infuenna virus. Virus can shif to a &uch &ore pathogenic strain if two strains co&
View Document
YORKBIOL 2021Patricia Lakin- ThomasWinter

BIOL 2021- Final Exam Guide - Comprehensive Notes for the exam ( 37 pages long!)

37 Page
29 Mar 2018
Example of light driven active transport: fig 10-31a bacteriorhodopsin: each bacteriorhodopsin molecule is folded into 7 closely packed transmembrane.
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YORKBIOL 2021unknownWinter

[BIOL 2021] - Final Exam Guide - Everything you need to know! (48 pages long)

48 Page
29 Nov 2016
Ch 15 cell signalling camp effects: fast-seconds (ex. Glycogen muscle: slow response- gene expression transcription. A) destroy camp camp amp phosphodi
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YORKBIOL 2021Patricia Lakin- ThomasWinter

[BIOL 2021] - Midterm Exam Guide - Comprehensive Notes for the exam (93 pages long!)

93 Page
7 Feb 2017
Evolution history is important: video 16. 1: neutrophil chase. How is phagocytosis initiated by cell when engulfing bacteria. Calcium indicator its rol
View Document
YORKBIOL 2021Joel ShoreSummer

BIOL 2021 Study Guide - Summer 2018, Comprehensive Midterm Notes - Bacteria, Carbon Dioxide, Oxygen

45 Page
12 Oct 2018
An infectous agent that could not be fltered. Ha and na are found in infuenna virus. Virus can shif to a &uch &ore pathogenic strain if two strains co&
View Document
YORKBIOL 2021PatWinter

BIOL 2021 Study Guide - Midterm Guide: Extracellular Fluid, Choline, Phagocyte

18 Page
13 Apr 2017
Regulation of vesicle formation: 13-14: lipid marker: phosphinositides, coat recruitment gtpases: Gef: guanine nucleotide exchange factor is active. Ar
View Document
YORKBIOL 2021N/ AWinter

BIOL 2021 Midterm: cheatsheet

4 Page
22 Jul 2016
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YORKBIOL 2021Nicole NivillacSummer

BIOL 2021 Study Guide - Midterm Guide: Ldl Receptor, Lipid Bilayer Fusion, Secretion

19 Page
4 Apr 2016
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YORKBIOL 2021Nicole NivillacSummer

BIOL 2021 Study Guide - Midterm Guide: Fluorescent Tag, Dapi, Phosphatidylcholine

9 Page
17 Sep 2014
Biol2021 test 1: version a: you are completing version a. Bubble in a beside #1 on your scantron. While observing it under the fluorescence microscope,
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YORKWinter

BIOL 1000 Lecture Notes - Lecture 10: Cabomba, Linear Regression

4 Page
23 Mar
Table 1: cumulative oxygen gas produced by cabomba every 2 minutes (0. 03 hours), under red light in a monometer. Time (hours) exp tube 1 trial 1 exp t
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BIOL 1000 Lecture Notes - Lecture 2: Methylene Blue, Pressure Measurement, Pipette

4 Page
12 Mar 2019
The cumulative oxygen production (ml o2) of the aquatic plant, cabomba caroliniana under white light, is used to determine the photosynthetic rate (ml
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BIOL 1000 Lecture Notes - Lecture 1: Methylene Blue, Pipette, Pressure Measurement

4 Page
12 Mar 2019
The cumulative oxygen production (ml o2) of the aquatic plant, cabomba caroliniana under white light, is used to determine the photosynthetic rate (ml
View Document

BIOL 1000 Lecture Notes - Lecture 4: Pressure Measurement, Standard Deviation, Null Hypothesis

2 Page
12 Mar 2019
Statistical analysis of the aquatic plant camboba caroliniana calculated by using the photosynthetic rates (ml o2 produced/g/hour). In a manometric sys
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BIOL 1000 Lecture Notes - Lecture 3: Methylene Blue, Pressure Measurement, Pipette

5 Page
12 Mar 2019
The cumulative oxygen production (ml o2) of the aquatic plant, cabomba caroliniana under white light, is used to determine the photosynthetic rate (ml
View Document

BIOL 1000 Lecture Notes - Lecture 1: Plasmolysis, Optical Microscope, Pipette

6 Page
12 Mar 2019
Determining the minimum concentration threshold required for plasmolysis to occur in the. Aquatic plant rotala nanjenshan using a compound microscope.
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BIOL 1000 Lecture Notes - Lecture 1: Pressure Measurement, Confidence Interval, Standard Deviation

2 Page
12 Mar 2019
Statistical analysis of the aquatic plant camboba caroliniana calculated by using the photosynthetic rates (ml o2 produced/g/hour). In a manometric sys
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BIOL 1000 Lecture Notes - Lecture 3: Chlorophyll, Photon, Chemical Equation

11 Page
12 Mar 2019
Effect of green light vs white light on photosynthetic rate of aquatic plant cabomba caroliniana. The photosynthetic rate measured by the cumulative ox
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YORKFall

BIOL 1000 Chapter Notes - Chapter 1: Pressure Measurement, Pipette, Methylene Blue

2 Page
13 Feb 2019
Table 1: photosynthetic rates and oxygen production data collected for the aquatic plant, Cabomba caroliniana, exposed to a white light source. The con
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YORKFall

BIOL 20102014_term_2_annotated

4 Page
31 Jan 2019
Sc/biol plant biology second term test (28 february 2014) page 1 of 4: ascogenous hyphae, cleistothecium, conidiophore, calyptra, mycorrhizae, trichogy
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YORKBIOL 2021Helen ChasiotisWinter

BIOL 2021 Lecture 1: Chapter 9 – Visualizing Cells.docx

20 Page
19 Apr 2015
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YORKBIOL 2021Julie ClarkWinter

BIOL 2021 Lecture Notes - Tight Junction, Transcellular Transport, Cell Adhesion

15 Page
16 Oct 2011
Chapter 19: cell junctions, adhesion and extracellular matrix. Used in connective tissue; matrix of fibrous polymers causes stress: cell-cell adhesion
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YORKBIOL 2021Julie ClarkWinter

BIOL 2021 Lecture Notes - Electrochemical Gradient, Membrane Transport, Lipid Bilayer

10 Page
16 Oct 2011
Biol 2021- march 17 2009- lecture chapter 11. Chapter 11- membrane transport of small molecules and electrical properties of membranes. The lipid bilay
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YORKBIOL 2021Julie ClarkWinter

BIOL 2021 Lecture Notes - Intermediate Filament, Globular Protein, Cytoskeleton

9 Page
16 Oct 2011
Gives cell strength, shape, movement of cells. Gene sequences are conserved (gene sequences are similar in all species) Rigid, forms trackways which ve
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YORKBIOL 2021Julie ClarkWinter

Ch. 15 - Cell Communication - Part 1 A summary of the chapter and lecture notes on cell communication. Includes illustrations and graphics from the textbook.

13 Page
16 Oct 2011
Communication between cells is mediated mainly by extracellular signal molecules. Figure 15-1: a simple intracellular signalling pathway activated by a
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YORKBIOL 2021Julie ClarkWinter

BIOL 2021 Lecture Notes - Glycosylphosphatidylinositol, Lipid Bilayer, Membrane Protein

7 Page
16 Oct 2011
Biol 2021 march 12 2009- lecture- chapter 10. Membrane proteins perform most of the membranes specific tasks and therefore give each type of cell membr
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YORKBIOL 2021Julie ClarkWinter

BIOL 2021 Lecture Notes - Nuclear Localization Sequence, Nuclear Export Signal, Nuclear Pore

18 Page
16 Oct 2011
Only have plasma membrane; so one compartment only. Cytoplasm includes organelles (mitochondrion) found in cytosol. Ribosome: found in cytosol and atta
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YORKBIOL 2021Julie ClarkWinter

BIOL 2021 Lecture Notes - G0 Phase, Chromosome Segregation, Gene Duplication

9 Page
16 Oct 2011
All cells come from pre existing cells. Cell cycle = cycle of a cell growth and division. Replicate chromosomes and segregate to daughter cells. S phas
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YORKBIOL 2021Patricia Lakin- ThomasWinter

BIOL 2021 Lecture Notes - Lecture 15: Atp Hydrolysis, Conformational Change, Rigor Mortis

3 Page
13 May 2018
There are a lot of other myosin heads binding to actin filaments: question: what causes rigor mortis in a dead body, answer: in the last step of fig. 1
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YORKBIOL 2021Helen ChasiotisWinter

BIOL 2021 Lecture 2: Chapter 10 – Membrane Structure.docx

16 Page
19 Apr 2015
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YORKBIOL 2021Patricia Lakin- ThomasWinter

BIOL 2021 Chapter Notes - Chapter 13: Protein Kinase, Lipid-Anchored Protein, Amphiphile

21 Page
22 Feb 2017
Internal compartments that receive components that have been removed from the plasma membrane by endocytosis. Transport vesicles bud off form one membr
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YORKBIOL 2021Patricia Lakin- ThomasWinter

BIOL 2021 Chapter Notes - Chapter 15: Autocrine Signalling, Paracrine Signalling, Extracellular Fluid

23 Page
4 Mar 2017
Principles of cell signaling: quorum sensing allows bacteria to coordinate their behavior (motilit, antibiotic production, spore. It follows that the s
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YORKBIOL 2021Patricia Lakin- ThomasWinter

BIOL 2021 Chapter Notes - Chapter 20: Chronic Myelogenous Leukemia, Chromosome Abnormality, Lymph Node

8 Page
11 Apr 2017
Cancer cells bypass normal proliferation controls and colonize other tissues. Malignant tumor: cancerous, when its cells have acquired the ability to i
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YORKBIOL 2021Patricia Lakin- ThomasSpring

BIOL 2021 Chapter Notes - Chapter 12.6: Nuclear Export Signal, Nfat, Nuclear Pore

2 Page
28 Jan 2018
Ran gtpase: required for nuclear import and export: exists in 2 conformational states and depends on whether gtp or gdp is bound (ran gtp or ram gdp, p
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YORKBIOL 2021Patricia Lakin- ThomasSpring

BIOL 2021 Chapter Notes - Chapter 13.1: Snap25, Synaptotagmin 1, Secretion

2 Page
28 Jan 2018
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YORKBIOL 2021Patricia Lakin- ThomasWinter

BIOL 2021 Chapter Notes - Chapter 19: Adherens Junction, Simple Columnar Epithelium, Basal Lamina

14 Page
11 Apr 2017
Cells may be linked by direct interactions, or they may be help together within the extracellular matrix (complex network of proteins and polysaccharid
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YORKBIOL 2021Nicole NivillacSummer

BIOL 2021 Chapter Notes - Chapter 16: Microtubule Nucleation, Coiled Coil, Intermediate Filament

18 Page
4 Apr 2016
Purpose: to move things in the cell, move the whole cell, provide strength and shape. Actin filaments determines shape of cell: creation of microvilli,
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YORKBIOL 2021Patricia Lakin- ThomasSpring

BIOL 2021 Chapter Notes - Chapter 2.1: Fas Ligand, Death Domain, Fas Receptor

3 Page
2 Apr 2018
There are both extrinsic (from outside) and intrinsic (from inside) pathways. Death receptors/tnf receptors trigger the extrinsic pathway of apoptosis:
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YORKBIOL 2021unknownWinter

BIOL 2021 Chapter Notes - Chapter 13-16: Epidermal Growth Factor Receptor, Opsin, Microtubule-Associated Protein 2

40 Page
24 Sep 2016
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YORKBIOL 2021Patricia Lakin- ThomasWinter

BIOL 2021 Chapter Notes - Chapter 17: Cdk Inhibitor, G1 Phase, Sister Chromatids

16 Page
11 Apr 2017
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YORKBIOL 2021Patricia Lakin- ThomasWinter

[BIOL 2021] - Midterm Exam Guide - Comprehensive Notes for the exam (93 pages long!)

93 Page
7 Feb 2017
Evolution history is important: video 16. 1: neutrophil chase. How is phagocytosis initiated by cell when engulfing bacteria. Calcium indicator its rol
View Document
YORKBIOL 2021PatWinter

BIOL 2021 Study Guide - Final Guide: Cancer Stem Cell, Chek1, Gene

54 Page
13 Nov 2017
Ion channels, neurotransmitters: video 20. 1 breast cancer cells, normal cells organize into a polarized epithelium, cancer cells form into disorganize
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YORKBIOL 2021Helen ChasiotisWinter

BIOL 2021 Lecture 1: Chapter 9 – Visualizing Cells.docx

20 Page
19 Apr 2015
View Document
YORKBIOL 2021Patricia Lakin- ThomasSpring

BIOL 2021- Final Exam Guide - Comprehensive Notes for the exam ( 297 pages long!)

297 Page
29 Mar 2018
Signals can be large or small: large signal molecules are usually intracellular signaling proteins, small molecules are usually second messengers: intr
View Document
YORKBIOL 2021unknownWinter

[BIOL 2021] - Final Exam Guide - Everything you need to know! (48 pages long)

48 Page
29 Nov 2016
Ch 15 cell signalling camp effects: fast-seconds (ex. Glycogen muscle: slow response- gene expression transcription. A) destroy camp camp amp phosphodi
View Document
YORKBIOL 2021Nicole NivillacSummer

BIOL 2021 Study Guide - Midterm Guide: Green Fluorescent Protein, Fluorescence Microscope, Lipid Bilayer

28 Page
4 Apr 2016
View Document
YORKBIOL 2021Julie ClarkWinter

BIOL 2021 Lecture Notes - Tight Junction, Transcellular Transport, Cell Adhesion

15 Page
16 Oct 2011
Chapter 19: cell junctions, adhesion and extracellular matrix. Used in connective tissue; matrix of fibrous polymers causes stress: cell-cell adhesion
View Document
YORKBIOL 2021Nicole NivillacSummer

BIOL 2021 Study Guide - Midterm Guide: Fluorescent Tag, Dapi, Phosphatidylcholine

9 Page
17 Sep 2014
Biol2021 test 1: version a: you are completing version a. Bubble in a beside #1 on your scantron. While observing it under the fluorescence microscope,
View Document
YORKBIOL 2021PatWinter

BIOL 2021 Study Guide - Midterm Guide: Phase-Contrast Microscopy, Transmission Electron Microscopy, Dark Field Microscopy

19 Page
13 Apr 2017
View Document
YORKBIOL 2021Patricia Lakin- ThomasWinter

BIOL 2021- Final Exam Guide - Comprehensive Notes for the exam ( 37 pages long!)

37 Page
29 Mar 2018
Example of light driven active transport: fig 10-31a bacteriorhodopsin: each bacteriorhodopsin molecule is folded into 7 closely packed transmembrane.
View Document

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YORKBIOL 2021Joel ShoreSummer

BIOL 2021 Study Guide - Comprehensive Final Exam Guide - Bacteria, Carbon Dioxide, Oxygen

45 Page
20 Nov 2018
An infectous agent that could not be fltered. Ha and na are found in infuenna virus. Virus can shif to a &uch &ore pathogenic strain if two strains co&
View Document
YORKBIOL 2021Joel ShoreSummer

BIOL 2021 Study Guide - Summer 2018, Comprehensive Midterm Notes - Bacteria, Carbon Dioxide, Oxygen

45 Page
12 Oct 2018
An infectous agent that could not be fltered. Ha and na are found in infuenna virus. Virus can shif to a &uch &ore pathogenic strain if two strains co&
View Document
YORKBIOL 2021Dr. PatWinter

BIOL 2021 Lecture Notes - Lecture 15: Porin (Protein), Nuclear Pore, Nuclear Membrane

25 Page
27 Sep 2018
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YORKBIOL 2021Joel ShoreSummer

BIOL 2021 Lecture Notes - Lecture 29: Citric Acid Cycle

2 Page
18 Aug 2018
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YORKBIOL 2021Joel ShoreSummer

BIOL 2021 Lecture Notes - Lecture 27: Malvin, Sulfur Metabolism, Light-Independent Reactions

2 Page
18 Aug 2018
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YORKBIOL 2021Joel ShoreSummer

BIOL 2021 Lecture Notes - Lecture 24: Bacitracin, Lactam

1 Page
18 Aug 2018
Other protein secreton systems are vital for pathogens. Multple chain lin& fence structures iith crosslin&s eetieen them give the cell iall strength. M
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YORKBIOL 2021Joel ShoreSummer

BIOL 2021 Lecture Notes - Lecture 25: Periplasm, Repressor Lexa, Reca

2 Page
18 Aug 2018
Regulatio is ciotrilled by a siogle regulatiry priteio. Its usually a priduct if the metabilism that actiates the catabilite repressiio. The sos respio
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YORKBIOL 2021Joel ShoreSummer

BIOL 2021 Lecture Notes - Lecture 21: Triglyceride, Glycerol, Phospholipid

2 Page
18 Aug 2018
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YORKBIOL 2021Joel ShoreSummer

BIOL 2021 Lecture Notes - Lecture 23: Nitrogenase, Heterocyst, Water Treatment

1 Page
18 Aug 2018
Nitrogen ixaton can happen on land or in &ater. Denitriicaton is the reverse process &herein nitrate or nitrite is converted to ammonia. Runof from lan
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YORKBIOL 2021Joel ShoreSummer

BIOL 2021 Lecture Notes - Lecture 19: Biofilm, Siderophore, Chemotaxis

2 Page
18 Aug 2018
In a gram-negatie ell there are porins that allow nutrients to ross the membrane. In gram-positie ba teria, the peptdogly an is generally porous. Tonb
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