The changes in higher education that are coming into effect this coming academic year, such as the ten per cent reduction in domestic tuition, are expected to affect international students attending or planning to attend universities in Ontario.
Some schools may increase the cost of international student tuition and enrolment in an attempt to balance the expected losses due to changes made by Doug Ford.
As there will be many implications for international students, we observed the international student environment at Queen's University between 2006 and 2017 to help current and potential students know what to expect in the coming years.
The observed trends in international and domestic tuition and enrolment show that Queen's University has increased its dependence on international students, mainly by increasing tuition fees and enrolment each year at much higher rates than domestic rates.
*When a year is stated, it is the beginning of that academic year. (ie. 2006 refers to the 2006-2007 academic year)
*Data was collected mainly from CUDO (Common University Data Ontario) by the Council of Ontario Universities, school documents such as tuition fee schedules and school-specific CUDO data.
*Tuition fee data was based on the tuition cost for an average undergraduate arts and science full-time degree as this is the metric CUDO uses as a common metric among all Ontario universities.
*The tuition fees stated below refer to the tuition cost for the first-year of studies.
Queen’s University Tuition Fees
International Tuition Increased by Almost Five Times More Compared to Domestic Tuition
On average, Queen's University's undergraduate degree in arts and science (full-time) cost $5,233 in 2006 (in 2017 dollars) and grew to $6,569 in 2017 (only a 25.54 per cent increase).
Meanwhile, the international tuition for the same degree increased from $17,661 in 2006 (in 2017 dollars) to an astonishing $37,490 in 2017, corresponding to an increase of 112.28 per cent. The tuition cost more than doubled in just 12 years.
The increase in international and domestic tuition surpassed the inflation rate by 4.4x and 5.8x, respectively.
International Tuition Increased by over 12x More Than Domestic Tuition Each Year
From 2006 to 2017, the average annual increase in domestic tuition was only $128, while the average annual increase in international tuition was $1,561.
Meaning that every year, international tuition increased over 12 times more than domestic tuition.
The rise in international tuition is evident. Every year between 2006 and 2017 had a significant increase in international tuition costs relative to domestic tuition costs.
Additionally, domestic tuition increased at such a low rate that the trendline in domestic tuition in the above graphs looks almost flat.
The overwhelming difference in tuition costs between these two groups shows the intention of Queen's University to further capitalize on incoming international students.
After 2008, International Tuition Increase Rates Outpaced Domestic Tuition Each Year by More than Twice the Amount
The annual increase in tuition shows the different patterns for international and domestic tuition.
Since 2008, the increase in international tuition from year-to-year has been at least twice as large as domestic tuition for most years.
From 2013-2014, for example, international tuition increased by almost ten times more than domestic tuition.
*International Student Fees NOTE:
One important thing to note is that the fees being used to calculate international fees do not include ancillary fees, UHIP, Ontario's International Recovery Fee, etc.
Although ancillary fees are typically equal for both domestic and international students, extra fees such as UHIP and Ontario's International Recovery Fee could add an additional $1000-$2000 to an international student's yearly fees.
Which would further widen the gap between total international and domestic fees.
*Enrolment data is based on both full time and part time students for all levels of degrees including Bachelor’s and 1st Professional Degrees, Master’s Degrees, and Doctoral Degrees.
Queen’s University Enrolment
Between 2006 and 2017, Over Six Times More International Students were Enrolled than Domestic Students
When looking at enrolment from 2006 to 2017, the increase in international enrolment was much larger than domestic enrolment.
The international student population of Queen's University has grown by 176.29 per cent from 856 international students in 2006 to 2,365 in 2017.
However, the domestic student population of Queen University has only grown by 27.99 per cent from 17,393 domestic students in 2006 to 22,262 in 2017.
Which means that in 12 years, international student enrolment has grown 6.3x more than domestic student enrolment.
Queen's University Student Enrolment Breakdown
Although both international and domestic enrolment has been steadily increasing annually, international student enrolment has increased at far higher rates than domestic enrolment.
It is evident that over the years, Queen's University has shifted their focus more towards international students.
On Average, International Enrolment Increased by Almost Ten Per Cent Annually, While Domestic Enrolment Increased by Only Two Per Cent
International student enrolment grew by an average of 9.97 per cent each year, while domestic enrolment grew by only 2.27 per cent.
This effectively means that every year, on average, international enrolment grew 4.4x more than domestic enrolment.
Like many universities in Ontario, Queen's University has focused more on growing their international student population than their domestic student population.
For example, the change in enrolled international students in the years 2015-2016 was nearly 13x larger than the increase in domestic students.
The Proportion of International Students at Queen's University Has Nearly Doubled in Just 4 Years
From 5.74 per cent in 2013 to 10.62 per cent in 2017, Queen's University's rising dependence on international students resulted in the proportion of Queen's University international students doubling in just four years, between 2013 and 2017.
It is evident that Queen's University has turned more to international students as a major source of income by sharply increasing tuition costs and increasing the population of students who are paying such high fees.
Because of the high demand for education in Ontario, universities in the area will be able to continue to take advantage of international students to increase their revenue.
With changes such as the ten per cent domestic tuition decrease coming into effect the next academic year, current and prospective students should be made aware of the possible adjustments that universities could make, such as further higher international tuition costs.
*Ancillary fees, Incidental fees, UHIP, Ontario’s International Recovery fee, and any other fees were excluded from calculations; only tuition fees were included.
*Enrolment data was collected from CUDO by the Council of Ontario Universities.
*See here for a similar analysis but on Ontario as a whole:
Ontario Universities' Increasing Reliance on International Students
Author: daniel @ oneclass . com