The recent changes in higher education approved by Doug Ford will most likely have repercussions on tuition costs for both international and domestic students.
One of the changes, the ten per cent reduction in domestic tuition, is very likely to be counteracted by Ontario universities by increasing the number of enrolled international students and international tuition costs.
To provide current and prospective students with more accurate expectations of the changes that will occur, we looked at the evolution of tuition costs and enrolment trends for both international and domestic students at Ryerson University over the past 12 years.
Observing the data from 2006-2017, the conclusion is that Ryerson University has shifted its focus to international students over domestic students when it comes to tuition revenue and enrolment.
This is supported by the fact that Ryerson has increased international tuition fees and enrolment at far greater paces than its domestic counterparts.
*When a year is stated, it is the beginning of that academic year. (ie. 2006 refers to the 2006-2007 academic year)
*Data was collected mainly from CUDO (Common University Data Ontario) by the Council of Ontario Universities, school documents such as tuition fee schedules and school-specific CUDO data.
*Tuition fee data was based on the tuition cost for an average undergraduate arts and science full-time degree as this is the metric CUDO uses as a common metric among all Ontario universities.
*The tuition fees stated below refer to the tuition cost for the first-year of studies.
Ryerson University Tuition Fees
From 2006-2017, International Tuition Increased Twice as Much as Domestic Tuition
The average first-year domestic tuition cost of an undergraduate arts and science degree (full-time) at Ryerson grew from $5,222 in 2006 (in 2017 dollars) to $6,592 in 2017, which is an increase of 26.24 per cent.
Whereas the international tuition for the same degree grew from $15,434 in 2006 (in 2017 dollars) to $23,289 in 2017, which is an increase of 50.90 per cent.
Ryerson has increased international tuition at double the rate of domestic tuition in order to capitalize on the demand for a Canadian education.
International Tuition Increased by 5.3x More Than Domestic Tuition Each Year
Ryerson increased international tuition at rates far higher than its domestic tuition.
The average annual increase in domestic tuition was only $133 in 12 years, while the average annual increase in international tuition was $710.
Observing the tuition data for each year, the rate at which international tuition increased was much higher than the domestic tuition rate.
The contrasting rates are a reflection of Ryerson's intentions to capitalize more on incoming international students rather than on both student populations.
The International Tuition Increase Rate Has Always Been Higher Than the Domestic Rate From 2006-2017
In 2006-2017, the international tuition increase rate has always been higher than the increase in domestic tuition with international tuition increasing 3.6x more than domestic tuition from 2012-2013.
*International Student Fees NOTE:
One important thing to note is that the fees being used to calculate international fees do not include ancillary fees, UHIP, Ontario's International Recovery Fee, etc.
Although ancillary fees are typically equal for both domestic and international students, extra fees such as UHIP and Ontario's International Recovery Fee could add an additional $1000-$2000 to an international student's yearly fees.
Which would further widen the gap between total international and domestic fees.
*Enrolment data is based on both full time and part time students for all levels of degrees including Bachelor’s and 1st Professional Degrees, Master’s Degrees, and Doctoral Degrees.
Ryerson University Enrolment
In 12 Years, International Enrolment Has Increased 2.5x More Than Domestic Enrolment
Ryerson's focus on growing its international student population is evident.
The international student population of Ryerson University increased 2.5x, from 821 international students in 2006 to 2013 students in 2017.
However, the domestic student population of Ryerson University only grew less than 60 per cent from 23,126 domestic students in 2006 to 36,710 in 2017.
Ryerson University Student Enrolment Breakdown
When observing the international and domestic enrolment trends individually, it is clear that the two show quite different growth patterns.
Although both international and domestic enrolment grew steadily each year, the rate at which international enrolment increased significantly outpaced the rate of increase in domestic enrolment.
This further demonstrates that Ryerson University focuses mainly on international students over domestic students in the years 2006-2017.
On Average, International Enrolment Increased Twice as Fast as Domestic Enrolment in 2006-2017
As international student enrolment grew by an average of 9.03 per cent each year, domestic enrolment grew by only 4.30 per cent on average, which was only half of the annual international enrolment increase.
When breaking down the enrolment changes on an annual basis, it is clear that Ryerson University has focused more on growing its international student population than their domestic student population, especially from 2009-2017.
Since 2009, the yearly increase in international students has exceeded the increase in domestic students by more than double the amount. For example, the increase in enrolled international students in the years 2016-2017 was nearly 19 times larger than the increase in domestic students for those years.
Ryerson University has focused more on international students as a major source of income through significantly higher tuition and enrolment increase rates than domestic rates over the past 12 years.
Ontario schools are able to take advantage of the high demand for education in Ontario by increasing tuition costs and enrolments at rates much higher than domestic tuition and enrolments.
Moreover, after Ford's changes, such as the ten per cent drop in tuition costs for domestic students, universities will most likely take measures to keep their revenue stable by further increasing international tuition fees and enrolment. Current and future students in Ontario schools should keep these trends in mind.
*Ancillary fees, Incidental fees, UHIP, Ontario’s International Recovery fee, and any other fees were excluded from calculations; only tuition fees were included.
*Enrolment data was collected from CUDO by the Council of Ontario Universities.
*See here for a similar analysis but on Ontario as a whole:
Ontario Universities' Increasing Reliance on International Students
Author: daniel @ oneclass . com