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BIOL122 (39)

Class Notes for BIOL122 at Australian Catholic University

Human Biological Science 2

BIOL122 Lecture Notes - Lecture 6: Pericardial Effusion, Vascular Permeability, Edema

Oedema Definition of oedema, filtration, bulk flow, diffusion and osmosis Oedema: this is the accumulation of excess fluid in the intercellular (interstitial) tissue spaces or body cavities Anasarca: generalized oedema Hyd...

Biological Sciences
BIOL122
Dr Abdur Rouf
BIOL122 Lecture Notes - Lecture 3: Ethylene Oxide, Glutaraldehyde, Zoonosis

Immunity Transmission of microorganisms Modes of Transmission: Direct person to person contact Contact with an infected animal: zoonosis is an infection caused by an animal Airborne transmission of infectious particles ...

Biological Sciences
BIOL122
Dr Abdur Rouf
BIOL122 Lecture Notes - Lecture 4: Body Fat Percentage, Trans Fat, Cardiovascular Disease

Obesity Definition of obesity Energy: measured in heat units. Required by all body cells for metabolism and growth Calorie: energy needed to raise the temperature of 1g of water by 1 degree Pathogenesis: this involves a po...

Biological Sciences
BIOL122
Dr Abdur Rouf
BIOL122 Lecture Notes - Lecture 1: Membrane Transport Protein, Integral Membrane Protein, Pharmacology

Pharmacology: 1.0 Definition of pharmacokinetics This is a branch of pharmacology concerned with the movement of drugs within the body Ie it studies what the body does to the drug and how it moves within the body 1.1 Defin...

Biological Sciences
BIOL122
Dr Abdur Rouf
BIOL122 Lecture Notes - Lecture 11: Adverse Drug Reaction, Coronary Circulation, Thrombus

Biology Lecture C Notes Cardiovascular Drugs Plaque in Coronary Arteries Plaque within the coronary arteries can cause reduction in lumen size (ie opening size), causing a reduced blood flow It can also disable the vessels...

Biological Sciences
BIOL122
Dr Abdur Rouf
BIOL122 Lecture Notes - Lecture 13: Subarachnoid Hemorrhage, Stroke, Hypertension

Neurological disorders Definition of stroke. A stroke occurs when the blood supply to part of your brain is interrupted or severely reduced, depriving brain tissue of oxygen and nutrients Risk factors for stroke High blood...

Biological Sciences
BIOL122
Dr Abdur Rouf
BIOL122 Lecture Notes - Lecture 12: Diabetes Mellitus Type 1, Gestational Diabetes, Diabetes Mellitus Type 2

Diabetes Mellitus Definition of diabetes mellitus (DM), including the values for fasting and nonfasting BGL Diabetes Mellitus (sugar diabetes) is a disease characterized by high levels of sugar (glucose) in the blood Hyper...

Biological Sciences
BIOL122
Dr Abdur Rouf
BIOL122 Lecture Notes - Lecture 8: Mean Arterial Pressure, Vascular Resistance, Pulse Pressure

Hypertension and antihypertensive drugs Briefly review normal control of blood pressure including mean arterial pressure (MAP) Blood pressure is the force exerted on the inside of arterial walls To maintain blood flow to c...

Biological Sciences
BIOL122
Dr Abdur Rouf
BIOL122 Lecture Notes - Lecture 14: Rheumatoid Arthritis, Hyaline Cartilage, Osteoarthritis

Osteology Definition of arthritis and osteoporosis, including: Arthritis: a disease causing painful inflammation and stiffness of the joints Osteoporosis: a medical condition in which the bones become brittle and fragile f...

Biological Sciences
BIOL122
Dr Abdur Rouf
BIOL122 Lecture Notes - Lecture 9: Rudolf Virchow, Myeloproliferative Neoplasm, Thrombocytopenia

Thrombosis and drugs that prevent clotting Definitions of Haemorrhage: escape of blood from vessels (ie bleeding) Thrombus: this is the resultant mass of the process of thrombosis, attached to vessel wall Thrombosis: the f...

Biological Sciences
BIOL122
Dr Abdur Rouf
BIOL122 Lecture Notes - Lecture 10: Coronary Artery Disease, Coronary Circulation, Hyperlipidemia

Coronary artery disease Definition of coronary artery disease (CAD). Atherosclerosis and its consequences, blockage, complications. Atherosclerosis is a progressive disease associated with build up of lipid, cholesterol (p...

Biological Sciences
BIOL122
Dr Abdur Rouf
BIOL122 Lecture Notes - Lecture 7: Coronary Artery Disease, Vascular Smooth Muscle, Coronary Circulation

Cardiovascular Disease: Atherosclerosis and antilipid drugs Definition of atherosclerosis. On ageing, arteries harden due to thickening of the inner layer Vessels becomes less flexible, brittle and can rupture Development ...

Biological Sciences
BIOL122
Dr Abdur Rouf
BIOL122 Lecture Notes - Lecture 2: Symptomatic Treatment, Pharmacodynamics, Drug Action

Pharmacodynamics: 2.1 Definition of pharmacodynamics The study of drug action (act on target cells to alter cellular function) 2.2 Outline Drug effects: Excitation: increase of activity by a drug e.g. stimulation of mental...

Biological Sciences
BIOL122
Dr Abdur Rouf
BIOL122 Lecture Notes - Lecture 5: Blood Vessel, White Blood Cell, Complement System

Pathophysiology: Inflammation Define basic pathological terms Mediators: Any messenger that acts on blood vessels, inflammatory cells, or other cells to contribute to an inflammatory response Vasodilation: The dilatation o...

Biological Sciences
BIOL122
Dr Abdur Rouf
BIOL122 Lecture Notes - Lecture 7: Osteoporosis, Osteoarthritis, Bisphosphonate

Lecture Drug Description Pharmacodynamics / Mechanism of Action Pharmacokinetics Adverse Effects ...

Biological Sciences
BIOL122
Eileen

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