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BIOL (215)
BIOL2171 (12)

Class Notes for BIOL2171 at Australian National University

Biochemistry and Nutrition

BIOL2171 Lecture Notes - Lecture 3: Activation Energy, Gas Constant, Collagen
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Building Blocks 2 Building blocks for nucleotides o o o Technically we can synthesise all these sections it make up DNA, but we also consume ...

Biology
BIOL2171
Stefan Broer
BIOL2171 Lecture Notes - Lecture 16: Transport Protein, Chymotrypsin, Trypsin
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Amino Acid Transport Proteins make up 30% of our nutrition o 10-15% of total energy production Cant completely oxidised into carbon dioxide and water, have an amino group In stomach and small intes...

Biology
BIOL2171
Stefan Broer
BIOL2171 Lecture Notes - Lecture 13: Oxidative Phosphorylation, Intermembrane Space, Succinic Acid
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Oxidative Phosphorylation: Electron Transport Chain, Electron Carriers and ATPase Electron Transport Chain o NADH go to complex 1 and gets turned into NAD+ Its electrons go inside and undergo a number of oxidationredox rea...

Biology
BIOL2171
Stefan Broer
BIOL2171 Lecture Notes - Lecture 12: Mitochondrial Matrix, Citric Acid Cycle, Atp Synthase
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Making ATP: Oxidative Phosphorylation Highly efficient The culmination of catabolic metabolism Generation of high amounts of ATP Mitochondrial process o Converts potential energy into real energy o Two membrane system Oute...

Biology
BIOL2171
Stefan Broer
BIOL2171 Lecture Notes - Lecture 11: Phosphorylation, Glycolysis, Nicotinamide Adenine Dinucleotide
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Making ATP: Substrate Level Phosphorylation Structure and kinetics: Currency of cellular energy is adenosine triphosphate (ATP) Structure: o o Pistabilisation around phosphates charge repulsion in oxygens o ATP synthesis ...

Biology
BIOL2171
Stefan Broer
BIOL2171 Lecture Notes - Lecture 15: Lactone, Cytosol, Semiquinone
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Pentosephosphate pathway (PPP) Alternative pathway of glucose oxidation: produce the sugars needed for makeup DNA and RNA Unlike glycolysis it is not designed to produce energy Most molecules that go through the PPP are mo...

Biology
BIOL2171
Stefan Broer
BIOL2171 Lecture Notes - Lecture 1: Electron Transport Chain, Sphingolipid, Isoleucine
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Topic 1: Fuels and building blocks Metabolism makes use of nutrients as fuels to generate energy or as building blocks for cellscellular material o All metabolites (except very few) can be used as building blocks or as fue...

Biology
BIOL2171
Stefan Broer
BIOL2171 Lecture Notes - Lecture 2: Amadori Rearrangement, Trehalose, Aldehyde
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Topics 2 and 3: Carbohydrates and Energy Carbohydrates Form the bulk of our nutrition Found in almost every type of food, particularly in bread, pasta and rice, but also in its soluble form in soft drinks and juices Glucos...

Biology
BIOL2171
Stefan Broer
BIOL2171 Lecture Notes - Lecture 14: Alanine Transaminase, Phenylalanine Hydroxylase, Carbamoyl Phosphate
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Amino Acids as energy metabolites Amino acids can be converted into central metabolites by a few chemical conversions Major obstacles in amino acid metabolism is the removal of the aminogroup Central enzymatic conversion o...

Biology
BIOL2171
Stefan Broer
BIOL2171 Lecture Notes - Lecture 4: Dihydroxyacetone Phosphate, Phosphoenolpyruvic Acid, Citric Acid Cycle
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Topic 4: Glycolysis Overview Glycolysis is one of the principal pathways generating ATP in cells and is present in all cell types in the human body. The central role of glycolysis is related to the availability of glucose ...

Biology
BIOL2171
Stefan Broer
BIOL2171 Lecture Notes - Lecture 6: Succinyl-Coa, Acetyl-Coa, Pyruvate Dehydrogenase
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Topic 6: TCA Cycle 1. Acetyl CoA (activated acetyl) joins with a fourcarbon molecule called oxaloacetate. o This releases the CoA group and forms a sixcarbon carbon molecule called citrate 2. Citrate is converted to its is...

Biology
BIOL2171
Stefan Broer
BIOL2171 Lecture Notes - Lecture 5: Phosphoglycerate Kinase, Oxidative Phosphorylation, Chemiosmosis
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Topic 5: Glycolysis Regulation Enzymes Hexokinase Is an important step to trap glucose inside cells There are two isoforms of this enzyme, namely glycokinase and hexokinase Hexokinase is an example of an enzyme undergoing ...

Biology
BIOL2171
Stefan Broer
Permachart - Marketing Reference Guide: Extensor Carpi Ulnaris Muscle, Flexor Pollicis Longus Muscle, Abductor Digiti Minimi Muscle Of Hand

perm ach artsMT T rigger Points II: Extremities T rigger Points II: Extremities ...

ANAT - Anatomy
ANAT 14
All Professors
ANAT - Anatomy
ANAT 14
All Professors
ANAT - Anatomy
ANAT 14
All Professors
Permachart - Marketing Reference Guide: Sacral Plexus, Lumbar Plexus, Sympathetic Ganglion

pe rm a ch ar ts MT Spinal Cord 2nd EDITION Figure ...

ANAT - Anatomy
ANAT 14
All Professors
Multicellular Biology - Reference Guides

This Guide is the progressive companion to the Cellular Biology title. The complexities of human physiology are made much clearer through the bright graphics and intelligently coordinated text boxes and glossaries that are...

ANAT - Anatomy
ANAT 14
All Professors
Permachart - Marketing Reference Guide: Levator Veli Palatini, Orbicularis Oculi Muscle, Scalene Muscles

Muscular System: pe rm ac ha rts MT Head & Torso 2nd EDITION ...

ANAT - Anatomy
ANAT 14
All Professors
ANAT - Anatomy
ANAT 14
All Professors
ANAT - Anatomy
ANAT 14
All Professors
Permachart - Marketing Reference Guide: Heart Valve, Inferior Vena Cava, Pulmonary Valve

permacharts TM Cardiovascular Physiology 2nd EDITION HEART STRUCTURE & FUNCTION ...

ANAT - Anatomy
ANAT 14
All Professors
ANAT - Anatomy
ANAT 14
All Professors
Permachart - Marketing Reference Guide: Meiosis, Nuclear Membrane, Nuclear Pore

l e a r n • r e f e r e n c e • r e v i e w permacharts TM CCellular Biology BIOLOGY BASICS C...

ANAT - Anatomy
ANAT 14
All Professors
Cellular Respiration - Reference Guides

The specific aspects of cellular respiration are explained in this helpful Guide. The fundamental processes such as the electron transport chain, proton pumps, ATP synthetase, and glycolysis are each described with helpful...

ANAT - Anatomy
ANAT 14
All Professors
Permachart - Marketing Reference Guide: Submandibular Duct, Parotid Duct, Palatine Tonsil

pe rm a ch a rtsMT DDigestive System 2nd EDITION Fi...

ANAT - Anatomy
ANAT 14
All Professors
Permachart - Marketing Reference Guide: Antigen-Presenting Cell, Memory T Cell, Clonal Deletion

permacharts TM IImmunology 2nd EDITION G ENERAL INFORMATION - AN OVERVIEW ...

ANAT - Anatomy
ANAT 14
All Professors
Permachart - Marketing Reference Guide: Superior Frontal Sulcus, Inferior Parietal Lobule, Superior Frontal Gyrus

p erm ac hartsMT Brain 2nd EDITION FIGURE 1: GROSS ANATOMY (LATERAL VIEW) ...

ANAT - Anatomy
ANAT 173
All Professors
Permachart - Marketing Reference Guide: Superficial Palmar Arch, Costocervical Trunk, Thyrocervical Trunk

p erm a ch ar tsMT CCirculatory System 2nd EDITION Figure...

Biology
BI 361
All Professors

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