NURS1000 Lecture 3: Lecture week three
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Lecture 3: Nursing and critical thinking lecture.
Process of care:
The way that care is organised to deliver holistic, patient-centred/patient-focused care to
ensure that the individual needs of each patient are fulfilled is known as the nursing pocess.
Steps of nursing process:
1. Assessment of the patient: obtain subjective and objective data and gain an
understanding of the patients’ symptoms. Subjective data is information that the
patient, other healthcare professionals, family or friends tell you. This data is
expected to be quoted, it tells you the patients’ perspectives, perceptions and
experiences. Objective data is information that you observe or measure. Includes
things such as lab results, trays, observations made during auscultation, palpation
2. Diagnosis: has three components.
2.1 Diagnosis: there are three types of diagnosis: medical, nursing and collaborative.
The nursing diagnosis must be three part (actual) or two part (risk of).
2.2 Related to: this is finding the problem and relating it to the etiology factors or
2.3: As evidenced by: this stems off of the patient’s signs and symptoms and how it
can help the nurse form a nursing diagnosis.
3. Planning: four-part process
3.1: Long term outcome: client focused and are a plan to alleviate the problem within
a period longer than six months.
3.2 Short term outcomes: is a plan created by the nurse to solve, improve, educate on
or diminish the illness/disease/problem.
3.3 Interventions: The nurses plan to help them achieve the long-term outcomes and
Short term outcomes.
3.4 rationale: the explanation for the nurse’s intervention. Includes facts, theories and
principles from medial resources.
4. implementation: when the nurse may gather new subjective and objective data and
demonstrate responses to the nursing internvention.
5. evaluation: where the nurse decides if their interventions were met (if so problem
solved), partially met ( if so the nurse needs to adjust their plan) or not met (if so nurse
needs to reassess and make new plan).
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