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PY1103 (12)

Class Notes for PY1103 at James Cook University

Critical Thinking in Psychology: How to Think about Weird Things

PY1103 Lecture Notes - Lecture 7: Fermi Paradox, Crop Circle, Testability

IntroductiontotheElementsofSearch State the claim Examine the evidence of the claim (Determine exact nature of evidence) Alternative hypotheses (not only hypotheses in question) Rate according to Criteria of Adequacy of ea...

PY
PY1103
Anne Swinbourne
PY1103 Lecture Notes - Lecture 10: Radiocarbon Dating, Creation Science, Intelligent Design

The scientific method 1. Choose a question to investigate 2. Identify a hypothesis related to the question 3. Make testable predictions in the hypothesis 4. Design an experiment to answer hypothesis question 5. Collect dat...

PY
PY1103
Anne Swinbourne
PY1103 Lecture Notes - Lecture 8: N Ray, Scientific Misconduct, Response Bias

What we perceive is determined by: What we detect by our senses What we know What we believe What our physical state is Perception: What you see isnt always what you get Perceptual constancies o Tendency to have certain pe...

PY
PY1103
Anne Swinbourne
PY1103 Lecture Notes - Lecture 11: Serial Dilution, Homeopathy, Chaos Theory

Case Study: Alternative Weirdness Homeopathy Search strategy What is homeopathy Evidence for effectiveness of the practice Critical evaluation of homeopathy Is homeopathy valid USE COMPUTERS IN LIBRARY BRING ALL BIAS TO TO...

PY
PY1103
Anne Swinbourne
PY1103 Lecture Notes - Lecture 9: Scientific Method, Knowledge Acquisition, Empiricism

Research is Knowledge acquisition gained o Through reasoning o Through intuition o But most importantly through use of appropriate methods Basic tenets of scientific method Empiricism: the suggestion that enquiry is conduc...

PY
PY1103
Anne Swinbourne
PY1103 Lecture Notes - Lecture 12: Ghost Hunting, Sleep Paralysis, Special Pleading

What is the supernatural? Another realm outside the natural Non physical Can interact with the natural world somehow Events we dont understand Does science have anything to say about it? Supernatural phenomena are allegedl...

PY
PY1103
Anne Swinbourne
PY1103 Lecture Notes - Lecture 2: Zener Cards, Outer Space, Sensory Leakage

Lecture 2 Logical impossibilities Things that cannot possibly be true o E.g round square, married bachelor They attribute both a property and a negation to a thing are selfcontradictory Timetravel violates the law of co...

PY
PY1103
Anne Swinbourne
PY1103 Lecture Notes - Lecture 1: Bertrand Russell, Philology, Inductive Reasoning

How toFakea MoonLanding Lecture Critical Thinking It is not what the man of science believes that distinguishes him, but how and why he believes it. His beliefs are tentative, not dogmatic, they are based on evidence, not...

PY
PY1103
Anne Swinbourne
PY1103 Lecture Notes - Lecture 3: Informal Logic, Inductive Reasoning, Fallacy

Week 3 Podcast Notes How to argue with words when good arguments go bad Logical Fallacies Flaws in reasoning Unreasonable and argumentative tactics Sometimes very persuasive Appeals to emotion rather than intellect Ri...

PY
PY1103
Anne Swinbourne
PY1103 Lecture Notes - Lecture 5: Fake News, Clientelism, Confirmation Bias

Podcast 5 Fake news Propaganda Information that is not objective Used to influence an audience and advance an agenda o Presenting facts selectively to encourage a particular synthesis or perception o Using loaded languag...

PY
PY1103
Anne Swinbourne
PY1103 Lecture Notes - Lecture 6: Haruspex, Episteme, United States Academic Decathlon

Lecture6 Where does knowledge come from? Babylonians search for knowledge Astronomical events are perodic Year months Catalogue of stars Planets Hepatoscopy: investigation of liver in order to reveal important informa...

PY
PY1103
Anne Swinbourne
PY1103 Lecture Notes - Lecture 4: How To Lie With Statistics, Social Desirability Bias, Leading Question

HOW TO LIE WITH STATISTICS Population a group which you wish to talk about in the entirety of that group Sample smaller subgroup within the larger group Statics Gather a sample and try and say something about the populati...

PY
PY1103
Anne Swinbourne

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