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Class Notes (1,045,625)
AUS (35,236)
UniMelb (5,192)
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BIOL10005 (164)

Class Notes for BIOL10005 at University of Melbourne

Genetics & The Evolution of Life

BIOL10005 Lecture Notes - Lecture 24: Allopatric Speciation, Continental Drift, Genetic Drift

Deviations from H-W can be used to estimate each genotypes fitness Population before selection Genotypic ratios 1 AA: 2 AS: 1 SS Population after selection 3 AA: 10 AS: 1 SS - Relative fitness is divided by the highest rat...

Biology
BIOL10005
Dawn Gleeson
BIOL10005 Lecture Notes - Lecture 23: Peppered Moth, Assortative Mating, Disruptive Selection

Non-random mating - Assortative mating: when individuals with the same genotype prefer to mate with themselves. (AA AA, BB BB > AA BB) -> Extra homozygotes relative to HWE - Disassortative mating: AA AA, BB BB < AA BB) -> ...

Biology
BIOL10005
Dawn Gleeson
BIOL10005 Lecture Notes - Lecture 22: Allele Frequency, Genotype Frequency, Population Genetics

Lecture 22 Population genetics - Calculating allele frequencies: calculating genotype frequency Number of a specific phenotype divided by the number of whole population - Frequency of the two alleles in a pop...

Biology
BIOL10005
Dawn Gleeson
BIOL10005 Lecture Notes - Lecture 21: Heterospory, Sporophyte, Secondary Growth

Lecture 21 Ferns - Differentiation into roots, leaves, stems - Vascular tissue Water transport - Sporophyte dominance -> produce spores - Motile gametes, dependent on water -> primitive fea...

Biology
BIOL10005
Dawn Gleeson
BIOL10005 Lecture Notes - Lecture 20: Vascular Cambium, Spindle Apparatus, Vascular Tissue

Lecture 20 Plants (mosses to angiosperms) - Key adaptations required for plants to live on land - Features that characterize moss - Features that make ferns more adapted to land than moss - Land plant life cycle Body plans...

Biology
BIOL10005
Dawn Gleeson
BIOL10005 Lecture Notes - Lecture 19: Micronucleus, Dinoflagellate, Apicoplast

Biofoulers of boat bottoms Coccolithophorids Unicellular Red, contains Chl A, C and fucoxanthin Account for 10-15 of worlds carbon fixation Greatest producer Apicomplexa - Related to dinophyta - Endoparasites of animals (M...

Biology
BIOL10005
Dawn Gleeson
BIOL10005 Lecture Notes - Lecture 18: Burgess Shale, Oomycete, Purple Bacteria

- Origin of the nuclear membrane -> endoplasmic reticulum During nuclear division, nuclear envelope disintegrates -> after chromosomes divide & separate, ER clusters around the chromosomes -> new ER formed Evolution of...

Biology
BIOL10005
Dawn Gleeson
BIOL10005 Lecture Notes - Lecture 17: Protist, Sexual Selection, Plant

Survival of the fittest - Survival can depend on the phenotype - Polymorphism is maintained -> fittest form changes over time Predators exert selection pressure on prey population E.g.) Bryans experiment One s...

Biology
BIOL10005
Dawn Gleeson
BIOL10005 Lecture Notes - Lecture 16: Dromaeosauridae, Prototheria, Eutheria

- Amphibians (350 Mya) -> Reptiles (~330 Mya) -> Mammal-like reptiles (320 Mya) -> Dinosaurs & crocodiles (230 Mya) -> Mammals (190 Mya) -> Birds (150 Mya) Birds & Dinosaurs - Dinosaurs come from the same...

Biology
BIOL10005
Dawn Gleeson
BIOL10005 Lecture Notes - Lecture 15: Water Vascular System, Madreporite, Triploblasty

4. Chemical communication - Pheromones 5. Compound eyes (evolution in the Cambrian) Lecture 15 Echinoderms to Chordates Echnioderms (starfish, sea urchin, sea cucumbers,) - Entirely marine - ...

Biology
BIOL10005
Dawn Gleeson
BIOL10005 Lecture Notes - Lecture 14: Cambrian Explosion, Cephalothorax, Triploblasty

- Nautilus growth: Shell: buoyancy aid As Nautilus grows, each shell is sealed off -> gas filled Lecture 14 Arthropods (insects, spiders, crustacea, millipedes,) - Evolved 540 million years ago - 4...

Biology
BIOL10005
Dawn Gleeson
BIOL10005 Lecture Notes - Lecture 13: Coral Bleaching, Monogenea, Trematoda

- Jellyfish Marine Stinging tentacles - Anthozoa Marine polyps Colonial Intracellular symbiotic algae Coral provides algae with nutrients & protection Algae provides coral with nitrogen and carbon comp...

Biology
BIOL10005
Dawn Gleeson
BIOL10005 Lecture Notes - Lecture 12: Polymerase Chain Reaction, Cystic Fibrosis, Dna Ligase

Number of repeats varies from individuals 2. Microsatelites (short tandem repeats) 2-9 bases STR can be used for DNA profiling Lecture 11 DNA Manipulation Polymerase Chain Reaction - Taq polymerase - Amplify specific regio...

Biology
BIOL10005
Dawn Gleeson
BIOL10005 Lecture Notes - Lecture 11: Missense Mutation, Frameshift Mutation, Stop Codon

Lecture 10 Mutation and genetic variation Genetic variation - Different forms of DNA sequence Mutation - Changes in DNA sequence - Gives rise to genetic variation - Spontaneous, in...

Biology
BIOL10005
Dawn Gleeson
BIOL10005 Lecture Notes - Lecture 9: Non-Coding Rna, Stem-Loop, Sister Chromatids

- Recombination is when there is an exchange in genetic material between homologous pair but not between the sister chromatids - Gametes that stay the same -> non recombinants Frequency of recombination - The further the t...

Biology
BIOL10005
Dawn Gleeson
Permachart - Marketing Reference Guide: Extensor Carpi Ulnaris Muscle, Flexor Pollicis Longus Muscle, Abductor Digiti Minimi Muscle Of Hand

perm ach artsMT T rigger Points II: Extremities T rigger Points II: Extremities ...

ANAT - Anatomy
ANAT 14
All Professors
ANAT - Anatomy
ANAT 14
All Professors
ANAT - Anatomy
ANAT 14
All Professors
Permachart - Marketing Reference Guide: Sacral Plexus, Lumbar Plexus, Sympathetic Ganglion

pe rm a ch ar ts MT Spinal Cord 2nd EDITION Figure ...

ANAT - Anatomy
ANAT 14
All Professors
Multicellular Biology - Reference Guides

This Guide is the progressive companion to the Cellular Biology title. The complexities of human physiology are made much clearer through the bright graphics and intelligently coordinated text boxes and glossaries that are...

ANAT - Anatomy
ANAT 14
All Professors
Permachart - Marketing Reference Guide: Levator Veli Palatini, Orbicularis Oculi Muscle, Scalene Muscles

Muscular System: pe rm ac ha rts MT Head & Torso 2nd EDITION ...

ANAT - Anatomy
ANAT 14
All Professors
ANAT - Anatomy
ANAT 14
All Professors
ANAT - Anatomy
ANAT 14
All Professors
Permachart - Marketing Reference Guide: Heart Valve, Inferior Vena Cava, Pulmonary Valve

permacharts TM Cardiovascular Physiology 2nd EDITION HEART STRUCTURE & FUNCTION ...

ANAT - Anatomy
ANAT 14
All Professors
ANAT - Anatomy
ANAT 14
All Professors
Permachart - Marketing Reference Guide: Meiosis, Nuclear Membrane, Nuclear Pore

l e a r n • r e f e r e n c e • r e v i e w permacharts TM CCellular Biology BIOLOGY BASICS C...

ANAT - Anatomy
ANAT 14
All Professors
Cellular Respiration - Reference Guides

The specific aspects of cellular respiration are explained in this helpful Guide. The fundamental processes such as the electron transport chain, proton pumps, ATP synthetase, and glycolysis are each described with helpful...

ANAT - Anatomy
ANAT 14
All Professors
Permachart - Marketing Reference Guide: Submandibular Duct, Parotid Duct, Palatine Tonsil

pe rm a ch a rtsMT DDigestive System 2nd EDITION Fi...

ANAT - Anatomy
ANAT 14
All Professors
Permachart - Marketing Reference Guide: Antigen-Presenting Cell, Memory T Cell, Clonal Deletion

permacharts TM IImmunology 2nd EDITION G ENERAL INFORMATION - AN OVERVIEW ...

ANAT - Anatomy
ANAT 14
All Professors
Permachart - Marketing Reference Guide: Superior Frontal Sulcus, Inferior Parietal Lobule, Superior Frontal Gyrus

p erm ac hartsMT Brain 2nd EDITION FIGURE 1: GROSS ANATOMY (LATERAL VIEW) ...

ANAT - Anatomy
ANAT 173
All Professors
Permachart - Marketing Reference Guide: Superficial Palmar Arch, Costocervical Trunk, Thyrocervical Trunk

p erm a ch ar tsMT CCirculatory System 2nd EDITION Figure...

Biology
BI 361
All Professors

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