PSYC20008 Lecture Notes - Fall 2017 Lecture 9 - Bacon, Egocentrism
3 pages38 viewsFall 2017
SchoolUniversity of Melbourne
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• What is self-concept and how does it change as children develop?
• What is identity?
− How are different identity statuses of adolescence described?
− What outcomes are associated with long-term identity statuses?
• What does ethnic identity tell us about adolescents’ bicultural identity development
▪ Self-concept – a set of attributes, abilities, attitudes and values that a person sees as defining who
o Attributes – “I am willing to help” / “I am lazy”
o Abilities – “I am good at math” / “I am a bad cook”
o Attitudes – “I like people” / “I don’t like bacon”
o Values – “I value human rights” / “I value freedom of speech”
o “I” self – self as a knower, actor; inner life; not accessible to others
o “Me” self – self as an object of evaluation
➢ The “Material” me – What makes me me? What is mine?
➢ The “Social” me – A man has as many social selves as there are individuals who recognise him
➢ The “Spiritual” me – The most enduring and intimate part of the self -> takes the longest time
to develop and is the most difficult to change
o Self-concept over time
➢ Infancy (0-1 y/o) – Gaze
➢ Toddler (1-2 y/o) – Pronouns; body control
− Learn that their bodies are part of themselves and that they can manipulate their bodies
to express themselves
➢ Early childhood (3-5 y/o) – Observable descriptions; unrealistic abilities -> much more
expressive about their own attributes
➢ Middle childhood (6-9 y/o) – Realistic abilities; social comparisons (important for self-concept
for the rest of their lives; important foundation for social issues eg. sense of belonging and
➢ Late childhood (9-11 y/o) – Others’ perceptions; some grouping of descriptors; values
➢ Early adolescence (12-14 y/o) – Conflicting, abstract descriptors; egocentrism
− Middle adolescence – abstract descriptors of self conflict with each other -> need to
resolve the conflict and be comfortable with the fact that they act differently around
different people & need to understand that the conflict happens for everyone ->
important understanding for the rest of adulthood
➢ Late adolescence (15-18 y/o) – Higher order, integrated abstract descriptors
o Develops and increases in complexity over time
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