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Lecture 9

PSYC20008 Lecture Notes - Fall 2017 Lecture 9 - Bacon, Egocentrism

3 pages46 viewsFall 2017

Course Code
Katherine Johnson

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What is self-concept and how does it change as children develop?
What is identity?
How are different identity statuses of adolescence described?
What outcomes are associated with long-term identity statuses?
What does ethnic identity tell us about adolescents’ bicultural identity development
Self-concept a set of attributes, abilities, attitudes and values that a person sees as defining who
he/she is
o Attributes “I am willing to help / “I am lazy”
o Abilities “I am good at math” / “I am a bad cook”
o Attitudes “I like people” / “I don’t like bacon”
o Values “I value human rights” / “I value freedom of speech”
o “I” self – self as a knower, actor; inner life; not accessible to others
o “Me” self – self as an object of evaluation
The “Material” me – What makes me me? What is mine?
The “Social” me – A man has as many social selves as there are individuals who recognise him
The “Spiritual” me – The most enduring and intimate part of the self -> takes the longest time
to develop and is the most difficult to change
o Self-concept over time
Infancy (0-1 y/o) Gaze
Toddler (1-2 y/o) Pronouns; body control
Learn that their bodies are part of themselves and that they can manipulate their bodies
to express themselves
Early childhood (3-5 y/o) Observable descriptions; unrealistic abilities -> much more
expressive about their own attributes
Middle childhood (6-9 y/o) Realistic abilities; social comparisons (important for self-concept
for the rest of their lives; important foundation for social issues eg. sense of belonging and
Late childhood (9-11 y/o) Others’ perceptions; some grouping of descriptors; values
Early adolescence (12-14 y/o) Conflicting, abstract descriptors; egocentrism
Middle adolescence abstract descriptors of self conflict with each other -> need to
resolve the conflict and be comfortable with the fact that they act differently around
different people & need to understand that the conflict happens for everyone ->
important understanding for the rest of adulthood
Late adolescence (15-18 y/o) Higher order, integrated abstract descriptors
o Develops and increases in complexity over time
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