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ATS1338 (12)

Class Notes for ATS1338 at Monash University

Sounds and words

ATS1338 Lecture Notes - Lecture 8: Sibilant, English Plurals, Minimal Pair

8.2 PHONOLOGY (CONTINUED) AND REVISITING ALLOMORPHS Determining the significant sounds in a language: In order to establish phonemesallomorphs Check the data for suspicious pairs what phones are phonetically similar? Chec...

Arts - ATS
ATS1338
Kate Burridge
ATS1338 Lecture Notes - Lecture 8: Vocal Folds, Complementary Distribution, Phoneme

8.1 DETERMINING PHONEMES AND NATURAL CLASSES Basic outline Basics of phonology quick review Natural classes of sounds Determining phonemes Phonological rules Phonetics and phonology Phonetics Studies phones actual sounds...

Arts - ATS
ATS1338
Kate Burridge
ATS1338 Lecture Notes - Lecture 5: Apple, Lexical Item, Lexical Semantics

5.1 SEMANTICS AND MEANINGS OF WORDS TODAY Lexical semantics Sense vs reference Sense relations: Synonymy homonymy Hyponymy metonymy Polysemy antonymy Metaphor meronymy Lexical semantics Word meanings Stored in t...

Arts - ATS
ATS1338
Kate Burridge
ATS1338 Lecture Notes - Lecture 6: Voiceprint Records, Christopher Pyne, The Sounds

6.2 SOUND SYMBOLISM, THE SOUNDS OF AUSTRALIAN ENGLISH FORENSIC PHONETICS Overview Australian English Social variation (Mitchell Delbridge, Horvath) Regional variation (does it exist?) HCE vowel system Sound symbolism Arbi...

Arts - ATS
ATS1338
Kate Burridge
ATS1338 Lecture Notes - Lecture 4: Allomorph, Antipasto, Iced Tea

4.2 ALLOMORPHY (THE SHAPE OF MORPHEMES) Morphemes, morphs and allomorphs MORPHEMES are abstract they refer to the actual units of meaning E.g. {food}substances to maintain life and growth MORPHS are the physical forms, th...

Arts - ATS
ATS1338
Kate Burridge
ATS1338 Lecture Notes - Lecture 3: Empathy, Word Formation, Lexeme

3.2 THE STRUCTURE OF WORDS (CONTINUED) Leftover word formation processes: (7) BACKFORMATION Opposite to affixation Speakers take away the affix ( dit from e , therefore meaning that they BACKFORM new creations. (complex ...

Arts - ATS
ATS1338
Kate Burridge
ATS1338 Lecture Notes - Lecture 4: Escalator, Lexeme, Austronesian Languages

4.1 MORPHOLOGY (TYPES OF MORPHEMES) Bound vs. free morphemes The pattern of phonemes which represents the morpheme (e.g. {book}) can exist in isolation. These are described as FREE Others like (e.g. {plural} in books) cant...

Arts - ATS
ATS1338
Kate Burridge
ATS1338 Lecture Notes - Lecture 3: Cappuccino, Reduplication, Mobile App

3.1 WHATS IN A WORD? Defining words Words in a sentence actually form one stream of sound Word boundaries hallucinated We hallucinate word boundaries: Youth in Asia vs. euthanasia = an oronym Slips of the ear and brain The...

Arts - ATS
ATS1338
Kate Burridge
ATS1338 Lecture Notes - Lecture 7: Vocal Folds, Haplology, Orangutan

7.2 PHONOLOGICAL PROCESSES Sounds in connected speech Phonological processes We speak in groups of words Our efficiency gives rise to a number of phonological processes Reductions Assimilations e.g. didya, miss you 1. DELE...

Arts - ATS
ATS1338
Kate Burridge
ATS1338 Lecture Notes - Lecture 6: English Alphabet, Rede Ferroviária Nacional, Spoken Language

6.1 PHONETICS THE SOUNDS OF LANGUAGE Phonetic Transcription Why is this important and why do we need this? Spoken language is the primary data of linguistics We have to have some way of representing such data on paper It...

Arts - ATS
ATS1338
Kate Burridge
ATS1338 Lecture Notes - Lecture 5: Penne, Synecdoche, Financial Institution

5.2 ETYMOLOGY AND SEMANTIC CHANGE SEMANTICS AND THE MEANINGS OF WORDS Polysemy = one word having several closely related senses, E.g. mouth of river of animal Metaphor: implicit and explicit attributes of a source are t...

Arts - ATS
ATS1338
Kate Burridge
ATS1338 Lecture Notes - Lecture 7: Sociolinguistics, Liquid Consonant, Timothy Evans

7.1 PHONETICS AND PHONOLOGY IN FOCUS Recap: articulatory, auditory and acoustic phonetics Phonetics is the science of speech Articulatory phonetics studies the way in which speech sounds are produced Auditory phonetics foc...

Arts - ATS
ATS1338
Kate Burridge
Statistics - Reference Guides

This Guide provides an easy to follow summary of all basic principles that are the foundation to Statistics and Probabilities. Using a combination of charts and sample equations, the key concepts are developed and the esse...

Econometrics
ETC2430
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