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Lecture 1

BIO1011 Lecture Notes - Lecture 1: Antonie Van Leeuwenhoek, Theodor Schwann, Brownian Motion


Department
Biology
Course Code
BIO1011
Professor
Various
Lecture
1

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Cells Theory
Notable Scientists
1665 - Robert Hooke
-Created the home made light microscope!
Studied cells in thin slices of cork
-First person to use the term “cell”
Late 1600’s - Anton van Leeuwenhoek
- Dutch amateur microscopist!
Described bacteria, protozoa, blood, sperm
- Proclaimed existence of microscopic animals that he called “animalcules”
1833 - Robert Brown
-English scientist
-Studied the microscopic structure of reproductive organs of plants
-Was the first to discover the nucleus, and believed it was the fundamental
requirements for cells
-Believed that the nucleus was a constant feature and that nuclei are fundamental
units of all living organisms
-Also coined ‘Brownian movement’, which is the constant and erratic movement of
cell components
1839 – Theodor & Schwann
-German biologists
-They discovered that cells define the nature of all tissue.
-Found that animal cells “exactly resembles... [the] cellular tissues of plants”
-They then developed the cell theory.
Cell Theory
Developd by Theodor Schwann and German botanist Matthais Schleiden
Generated their Three Postulates:
(i) All living organisms are composed of one or more nucleated cells
(ii) Cells are the minimum functional units of living organisms
(iii) Cells arise only from pre existing cells by a process of division
In 1880, August Weissman introduced an important corollary to these postulates which
was:
cells living today can trace their ancestry back to ancient times"
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