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BIO (160)
BIO2231 (20)

Class Notes for BIO2231 at Monash University

Animal diversity

BIO2231 Lecture Notes - Lecture 23: Biogeography, Continental Drift, Reproductive Isolation

Lecture 23 Diversity and habits Exams Speciation Allopatric o Population separated by geographic barriers o Interruption of gene flow o Physical barriers o Different selective pressures o Divergence o Start of with populat...

Biology
BIO2231
Various
BIO2231 Lecture Notes - Lecture 20: Bird Anatomy, Air Sacs, Reptile Scale

Lecture 20 Vertebrates III: Birds & Mammals Feathers did not evolve for flight because some birds are flightless Archaeopteryx Earliest known bird extinct theropod dinosaur Beak, claws, feathers Bir...

Biology
BIO2231
Various
BIO2231 Lecture Notes - Lecture 21: Gastrovascular Cavity, Circulatory System, Eumetazoa

Lecture 21 Life on Earth Overview The Four F-Words Form o What does animal look like - structure o Fossil records Function o Relates to morphology Fossils o ...

Biology
BIO2231
Various
BIO2231 Lecture Notes - Lecture 19: Shoulder Girdle, Swim Bladder, Throughflow

Lecture 19 - Vertebrates II: Amphibians and Non-Avian Reptiles Movement onto Land - physical differences Air o More oxygen o Faster diffusion o Lower viscosity o Lower de...

Biology
BIO2231
Various
BIO2231 Lecture Notes - Lecture 18: Gnathostomata, Agnatha, Hagfish

Lecture 18 - Vertebrates (fishes) Phylum Chordata - Early vertebrates (fossil evidence) Ostracoderms - heavily armoured, jawless fishes o Some had pectoral fins Locomotion ...

Biology
BIO2231
Various
BIO2231 Lecture Notes - Lecture 16: Tube Feet, Brittle Star, Sea Cucumber

Lecture 16 Echinoderms Class Asteroidea Dont always have 5 arms but usually Ambulacral grooves along each arm o Tube feet (podia) in grooves o Locomotion Can be pests Class Ophiuroidea Central disk with 5 long arms o No a...

Biology
BIO2231
Various
BIO2231 Lecture Notes - Lecture 17: Dorsal Nerve Cord, Eustachian Tube, Aortic Arches

Lecture 17 Chordates Phylum Chordata Includes vertebrates Bilaterally symmetrical Dueterostome o Radial and indeterminate regulative Coelomates Five major features 1. Notochord 2. Dorsal tubular nerve cord 3. Pharyngeal p...

Biology
BIO2231
Various
BIO2231 Lecture Notes - Lecture 15: Lophophore, Protostome, Lophotrochozoa

Lecture 15 - Protosomes vs Deuterostomes Protosome characteristics o Determinate (mosaic) development in Bryozoa o Blastospore becomes mouth in Phoronida o Molecular data clearly pl...

Biology
BIO2231
Various
BIO2231 Lecture Notes - Lecture 14: Ascaris Lumbricoides, Nematode, Eumetazoa

Lecture 14 Nematoda and other Pseudocoelomates Phylum Nematoda (roundworms) Pseudocolomates Body cavity that isnt new A clade that wasnt to be A body cavity bounded on only one side by mesoderm Molecular phylogenies do no...

Biology
BIO2231
Various
BIO2231 Lecture Notes - Lecture 13: Onychophora, Hydrostatic Skeleton, Annelid

Lecture 13 Onychophora and Tardigrada Phylum Onychophora (velvet worms) Features: Coelomate, protostome, ecdysozoan Caterpillar like Terrestrial and nocturnal Unjointed appendages on each segment...

Biology
BIO2231
Various
BIO2231 Lecture Notes - Lecture 12: Palaeoptera, Apterygota, Exopterygota

Lecture 12 Arthropoda IV: Hexapoda: Insects Hexapod Diversity Large number of orders Relationship not clear Terrestrial, freshwater Very different ecologies Class Insecta: Apterygota (no wings) ...

Biology
BIO2231
Various
BIO2231 Lecture 11: Lecture 11: Arthropoda III

Lecture 11 Arthropoda III: Cehlicerates and Myriapods Subphylum Celicerata Appendagst o 1 pair: chelicerae o 2 pair: pedipalps o 4 pairs of walking legs No antennae Cephalothorax (prosoma) Abdomen (opisthosoma) Class Pycno...

Biology
BIO2231
Various
BIO2231 Lecture Notes - Lecture 10: Moulting, Hexapoda, Myriapoda

Lecture 10 Arthropoda II: Subphylum Crustacea Mostly marine Majority of diversity through appendages Crustacea Anatomy Crustacea chracterisitcs o Appendages with 2 branches Uniramous Hexapods, chellicerates, myriapods, ins...

Biology
BIO2231
Various
BIO2231 Lecture Notes - Lecture 8: Peristomium, Prostomium, Body Cavity

Lecture 8 Annelids (segmented worms) Metamerism (segmentation) Annelids o Show most elaborate form of segmentation Both external and internal features (all occur in each segment) o Coel...

Biology
BIO2231
Various
BIO2231 Lecture Notes - Lecture 9: Molecular Phylogenetics, Ecdysozoa, Arthropod Cuticle

Lecture 9 Arthropoda I: Introduction Phylum Arthropoda Introduction Metazoa Eumetozoa Bilateria Protostomes Ecdysozoa Ecdysozoa Characteristics o Name: moulting and hormones In order to move through stages of growth, has t...

Biology
BIO2231
Various
Permachart - Marketing Reference Guide: Extensor Carpi Ulnaris Muscle, Flexor Pollicis Longus Muscle, Abductor Digiti Minimi Muscle Of Hand

perm ach artsMT T rigger Points II: Extremities T rigger Points II: Extremities ...

ANAT - Anatomy
ANAT 14
All Professors
ANAT - Anatomy
ANAT 14
All Professors
ANAT - Anatomy
ANAT 14
All Professors
Permachart - Marketing Reference Guide: Sacral Plexus, Lumbar Plexus, Sympathetic Ganglion

pe rm a ch ar ts MT Spinal Cord 2nd EDITION Figure ...

ANAT - Anatomy
ANAT 14
All Professors
Multicellular Biology - Reference Guides

This Guide is the progressive companion to the Cellular Biology title. The complexities of human physiology are made much clearer through the bright graphics and intelligently coordinated text boxes and glossaries that are...

ANAT - Anatomy
ANAT 14
All Professors
Permachart - Marketing Reference Guide: Levator Veli Palatini, Orbicularis Oculi Muscle, Scalene Muscles

Muscular System: pe rm ac ha rts MT Head & Torso 2nd EDITION ...

ANAT - Anatomy
ANAT 14
All Professors
ANAT - Anatomy
ANAT 14
All Professors
ANAT - Anatomy
ANAT 14
All Professors
Permachart - Marketing Reference Guide: Heart Valve, Inferior Vena Cava, Pulmonary Valve

permacharts TM Cardiovascular Physiology 2nd EDITION HEART STRUCTURE & FUNCTION ...

ANAT - Anatomy
ANAT 14
All Professors
ANAT - Anatomy
ANAT 14
All Professors
Permachart - Marketing Reference Guide: Meiosis, Nuclear Membrane, Nuclear Pore

l e a r n • r e f e r e n c e • r e v i e w permacharts TM CCellular Biology BIOLOGY BASICS C...

ANAT - Anatomy
ANAT 14
All Professors
Cellular Respiration - Reference Guides

The specific aspects of cellular respiration are explained in this helpful Guide. The fundamental processes such as the electron transport chain, proton pumps, ATP synthetase, and glycolysis are each described with helpful...

ANAT - Anatomy
ANAT 14
All Professors
Permachart - Marketing Reference Guide: Submandibular Duct, Parotid Duct, Palatine Tonsil

pe rm a ch a rtsMT DDigestive System 2nd EDITION Fi...

ANAT - Anatomy
ANAT 14
All Professors
Permachart - Marketing Reference Guide: Antigen-Presenting Cell, Memory T Cell, Clonal Deletion

permacharts TM IImmunology 2nd EDITION G ENERAL INFORMATION - AN OVERVIEW ...

ANAT - Anatomy
ANAT 14
All Professors
Permachart - Marketing Reference Guide: Superior Frontal Sulcus, Inferior Parietal Lobule, Superior Frontal Gyrus

p erm ac hartsMT Brain 2nd EDITION FIGURE 1: GROSS ANATOMY (LATERAL VIEW) ...

ANAT - Anatomy
ANAT 173
All Professors
Permachart - Marketing Reference Guide: Superficial Palmar Arch, Costocervical Trunk, Thyrocervical Trunk

p erm a ch ar tsMT CCirculatory System 2nd EDITION Figure...

Biology
BI 361
All Professors

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