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PHIL2420 (20)

Class Notes for PHIL2420 at University of Newcastle

Critical Thinking

PHIL2420 Lecture Notes - Lecture 10: Begging
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10.(Lecture(Notes(( ( Denying(the(antecedent( Affirming(the(consequent( Reasoning(can(be(used(to(analyse(and(critique(arguments( Analysis(( o Is(a(means(to(clarify(arguments(( o Identify(underlying(assumptions(( o Expose(s...

Philosophy
PHIL2420
William Herfel
PHIL2420 Lecture Notes - Lecture 10: Confirmation Bias
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10. Lecture Notes Denying the antecedent Affirming the consequent Reasoning can be used to analyse and critique arguments Analysis is a means to clarify arguments, identify underlying assumptions and expose strengths and w...

Philosophy
PHIL2420
William Herfel
PHIL2420 Lecture Notes - Lecture 9: Abraham Wald, Deductive Reasoning, Survivorship Bias
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9. Lecture Notes Abraham Wald o Lowering risk of being shot down o Limitations of armor o Data on plane damage Survivorship bias: concentrating on people or things that made it past some selection process and overlooking t...

Philosophy
PHIL2420
William Herfel
PHIL2420 Lecture Notes - Lecture 6: Fallacy, Mesothelioma, Standard Deviation
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PHIL 2420 Critical Thinking April 19, 2018 WEEK 6 Probability Statistical Inference Statistical Reasoning The rule of statistical inference enable us to evaluate how likely data is to reflect reality. Probability statisti...

Philosophy
PHIL2420
William Herfel
PHIL2420 Lecture Notes - Lecture 1: Email Spam, Daniel Kahneman, Immanuel Kant
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PHIL 2420 Critical Thinking March 1, 2018 WEEK 1 Reasoning Critically Philosophers arent concerned about the right answers, they are concerned with HOW to get the right answers. How do we use our minds to understand things...

Philosophy
PHIL2420
William Herfel
PHIL2420 Lecture Notes - Lecture 7: Ronald Fisher, Rare Disease, Daniel Kahneman
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PHIL 2420 Critical Thinking April 26, 2018 WEEK 7 How to Lie with Statistics Inspiration How to Lie with Statistics by Darrel Huff, 1954 Or how to get the wrong idea HIV Suppose you test positive The test is 99 accurate Wh...

Philosophy
PHIL2420
William Herfel
PHIL2420 Lecture Notes - Lecture 8: Sample Size Determination, Spontaneous Remission, Acne Vulgaris
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PHIL 2420 Critical Thinking May 3, 2018 WEEK 8 How Data ...

Philosophy
PHIL2420
William Herfel
PHIL2420 Lecture Notes - Lecture 9: Mathematical Proof, Models 1, Statistical Inference
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PHIL 2420 Critical Thinking May 10, 2018 WEEK 9 Reasoning and Argument Where should the armor go? Abraham Wald Jew, refugee that went to the West Manhattan project where they built the atomic bomb Military wanted to lower ...

Philosophy
PHIL2420
William Herfel
PHIL2420 Lecture Notes - Lecture 5: Hermann Rorschach, Confirmation Bias, Thomas Kuhn
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PHIL 2420 Critical Thinking March 29, 2018 RECAP: Underdetermination of Theory by Data Falsification portrays...

Philosophy
PHIL2420
William Herfel
PHIL2420 Lecture Notes - Lecture 3: Photorealism, Citric Acid Cycle, Publication Bias
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PHIL 2420 Critical Thinking March 15, 2018 WEEK 3 Causality (Revisited), Models Analogies Mills methods dont give mechanical way to test hypotheses Method though trial and error and critique Smoking and lung cancer Correl...

Philosophy
PHIL2420
William Herfel
PHIL2420 Lecture Notes - Lecture 2: Null Hypothesis, Spontaneous Remission, Gastroenteritis
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PHIL 2420 Critical Thinking March 8, 2018 WEEK 2 ...

Philosophy
PHIL2420
William Herfel
PHIL2420 Lecture Notes - Lecture 10: Confirmation Bias, False Dilemma, Begging
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PHIL 2420 Critical Thinking May 17, 2018 WEEK 10 Reasoning and Argument 2 Wason Test 90 of people get this wrong Were not doing good at logic in the abstract, better in practical context Cognitive psychology test based on ...

Philosophy
PHIL2420
William Herfel
PHIL2420 Lecture Notes - Lecture 4: K562 Cells, Experimentum Crucis, Falsifiability
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PHIL 2420 Critical Thinking March 22, 2018 WEEK 4 Fals...

Philosophy
PHIL2420
William Herfel
PHIL2420 Lecture Notes - Lecture 6: Inductive Reasoning, Statistical Inference, Binomial Distribution
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6. Probability, Sampling and Statistical Inference 10. Inductive Reasoning An inductively strong argument is one that is an invalid argument and where the conclusion is highly likely to be true given that the premises are ...

Philosophy
PHIL2420
William Herfel
PHIL2420 Lecture Notes - Lecture 7: Regression Fallacy, Sampling Bias, Gambling
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7. How to Lie with Statistics 17. Statistics and Probability 17.1 Evaluating Surveys and Sampling Studies Distinguish between the actual results and their interpretation Check the definitions of key concepts A larger sampl...

Philosophy
PHIL2420
William Herfel
Permachart - Marketing Reference Guide: Dualism (Philosophy Of Mind), Ethical Egoism, Noumenon

l e a r n • r e f e r e n c e • r e v i e w permacharts TM PPhilosophy METAPHYSICS I: UNIVERSALS ...

Philosophy
PHLD79H3
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