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PHIL2634 (26)

Class Notes for PHIL2634 at University of Sydney

Democratic Theory

PHIL2634 Lecture Notes - Lecture 4: Legal Fiction
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4 Early modern and Enlightened bills and declarations Read and contrast the English Bill of Rights (1688) with the American Declaration of Independence (1776) and the French Declaration of the Rights of Man (1789) The Engl...

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PHIL2634 Lecture Notes - Lecture 3: Magna Carta, Social Contract, Fundamental Orders Of Connecticut
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3 From charters to compacts Read and contrast (i) Magna Charta with (ii) the Mayflower Compact, and the Connecticut Charters. Medieval governments (in the years from roughly 400 to 1400) were not remotely democratic. For t...

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PHIL2634 Lecture Notes - Lecture 2: Plebeian Council, Equal Voice, Class Conflict
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How did Athens manage executive authority? What was the Areopagus? -The Council of the Areopagus had the official function of guarding the laws but actually it administered the greatest number and the most important of the...

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PHIL2634 Lecture Notes - Lecture 2: Polemarch, Governor Of The Cayman Islands, Direct Democracy
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Ancient Greek and Roman institutions Study the diagrams representing the Athenian and Roman constitutions. Based on your examination of the diagrams of these systems, and your own independent research, try to understand ho...

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PHIL2634 Lecture Notes - Lecture 1: Democracy Index
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Contemporary Democracy The Intelligence Unit of the Economist newspaper (EIU) publishes an annual survey that aims to be a global assessment of the state of democracy. It combines a quantitative survey score out of 10 whic...

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PHIL2634 Lecture Notes - Lecture 13: Richard Rorty, Survivalism, Political Correctness
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How does Zizek criticize the notion of political correctness? -one should be careful not to confuse the ruling ideology with the ideology which seems to dominate. Bearing in mind walter benjamins reminder that it is not en...

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PHIL2634 Lecture Notes - Lecture 13: Jacques Derrida, Jacques Lacan, Michel Foucault
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(13): Radical Theories of Democracy: Foucault, Derrida, Zizek In addition to rational choice theory and the theories of deliberative democracy associated with Rawls and Habermas, the final strand of modern democratic theor...

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PHIL2634
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PHIL2634 Lecture Notes - Lecture 11: Kenneth Arrow, Social Choice Theory, Political Philosophy
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(11): The Political Science of Democracy After 1945, the need for a social and intellectual reconstruction of Europe was urgent. Anything associated with right-wing racist ideology was publicly disavowed. Institutions like...

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PHIL2634 Lecture Notes - Lecture 10: Obshchina, Class Conflict, Wield
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It may help to keep in mind the following questions when doing the required readings: Marx How did Marx view the 1848 Manifesto in hindsight based on his introduction to the 1872 edition? -The principles of the manifesto a...

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PHIL2634
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PHIL2634 Lecture Notes - Lecture 10: Totalitarianism, Liberal Democracy, Nazism
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(10): Revolution and Totalitarianism While writers like Weber and Schumpeter were pessimistic about the prospects for liberal democracy they did not want to see its collapse or disappearance. For all its problems they beli...

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PHIL2634
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PHIL2634 Lecture Notes - Lecture 9: Charismatic Authority, Avocation, Traditional Authority
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What are the ways in which political power may be made legitimate? (Compare Rousseau) -three inner justifications, hence basic legitimations of domination. -First, the authority of the eternal yesterday, i.e. of the mores ...

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PHIL2634 Lecture Notes - Lecture 9: Joseph Schumpeter, Creative Destruction, Michael Oakeshott
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(9): Bureaucracy and Disillusion By the late 1800s or early 1900s Western Europe had arrived in a situation recognisably similar to that of the early twenty-first century. For the first time, the majority now lived in citi...

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PHIL2634 Lecture Notes - Lecture 8: Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel, Rational Basis Review, Montesquieu
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Why is Hegel critical of Rousseaus idea of the state? -hegel wants to deal with the philosophic science of the state not its origins in patriarchal conditions, its basis in divine right or contract.. Which is concerned onl...

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PHIL2634 Lecture Notes - Lecture 8: Democratic Peace Theory, Cosmopolitanism, Political Philosophy
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(8): Progress, Cosmopolitanism, and Law: Kant and Hegel Conditions in Germany were very different to either France or England. In fact, before 1871, we cannot speak of Germany in the modern sense as a nation-state. Medi...

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PHIL2634
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PHIL2634 Lecture Notes - Lecture 7: On Liberty, Proverb, Forego
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What is the goal of law? - Pleasures then, and the avoidance of pains, are the ends that the legislator has in view; -We have seen that the general object of all laws is to prevent mischief What is the point of punishment?...

Philosophy
PHIL2634
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Permachart - Marketing Reference Guide: Dualism (Philosophy Of Mind), Ethical Egoism, Noumenon

l e a r n • r e f e r e n c e • r e v i e w permacharts TM PPhilosophy METAPHYSICS I: UNIVERSALS ...

Philosophy
PHLD79H3
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