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Semester

Class Notes for ANHB1102 at University of Western Australia

Human Biology II: Being Human

ANHB1102 Lecture 1: Appetite

CARBS Revise anaerobic and aerobic respiration. Pyruvic acid goes to next step of energy producing cycle - Krebs cycle (only with oxygen) otherwise lactic acid. Krebs cycle - pyruvic acid enters Krebs cycle - forms citric ...

Anatomy and Human Biology/Anatomy, Physiology and Human Biology
ANHB1102
Fiona O'Shea & Vanessa Hayes
ANHB1102 Lecture 3: Somatic Motor Control

SOMATIC MOTOR CONTROL. MOTOR COMMANDS - skeletal muscle only contracts if stimulated to do so (excitable) - motor centres - Cerebral cortex (voluntary) - spinal cord - brain stem - basal nuclei - onset and cessation of int...

Anatomy and Human Biology/Anatomy, Physiology and Human Biology
ANHB1102
Fiona O'Shea & Vanessa Hayes
ANHB1102 Lecture Notes - Lecture 2: Lean Body Mass, Blood Sugar, Sucrose

Blood glucose - low blood glucose = poor brain function (require it for a brain fuel source) - high blood glucose (LT) = damage to blood vessels and nerves Nutrition - Evolutionarily part of survival and tness. - Physiolog...

Anatomy and Human Biology/Anatomy, Physiology and Human Biology
ANHB1102
Fiona O'Shea & Vanessa Hayes
ANHB1102 Lecture Notes - Lecture 5: Straight Arterioles Of Kidney, Nephron, Renal Medulla

Bowmans capsule - parietal layer = simple squamous - visceral layer = podocytes (wrap around capillaries of glomerulus) - Capsular space = separates the 2 layers - Vascular pole = afferent arteriole enters the corpuscl...

Anatomy and Human Biology/Anatomy, Physiology and Human Biology
ANHB1102
Fiona O'Shea & Vanessa Hayes
ANHB1102 Lecture Notes - Lecture 8: Hip, Ischium, Quadrupedalism

Bones of pelvis - Os Coxa (pelvic bones) - ilium - ischium - Pubis Knee Joint - Largest joint in body - Complex hinge - Q-angle: Angle of femur on tibia - Stacks feet underneath the pelvis = Closer to the CoM - Passively i...

Anatomy and Human Biology/Anatomy, Physiology and Human Biology
ANHB1102
Fiona O'Shea & Vanessa Hayes
ANHB1102 Lecture Notes - Lecture 4: Schwann Cell, Ependyma, Motor Neuron

NEURONS Myelin - Produced by Schwann cells (neuroglia) in PNS - Oligodendrocytes in CNS - Myelin is fatty bc Schwann cell wraps around cell membrane to produce myelin - Cell membrane is lipid based. Neurogliaglia - PNS = S...

Anatomy and Human Biology/Anatomy, Physiology and Human Biology
ANHB1102
Fiona O'Shea & Vanessa Hayes
ANHB1102 Lecture Notes - Lecture 6: Internal Sphincter Muscle Of Urethra, Urethral Sphincters, Renal Papilla

Urinary System Functions - homeostasis - water + electrolyte balance (osmoregulation) - use energy to maintain osmotic balance. - gain water through food, drink and metabolism. - lose water through urinating, defecation, e...

Anatomy and Human Biology/Anatomy, Physiology and Human Biology
ANHB1102
Fiona O'Shea & Vanessa Hayes
ANHB1102 Lecture Notes - Lecture 7: Acetabulum, Bipedalism, Waste Heat

Human locomotion - Bipedalism = a denitive human trait - only hindlimb's used - before the expansion of brains. - habitual - anatomically committed - sacriced other options for it eg. Climbing - upright - ma...

Anatomy and Human Biology/Anatomy, Physiology and Human Biology
ANHB1102
Fiona O'Shea & Vanessa Hayes
ANHB1102 Lecture Notes - Lecture 12: Yolk Sac, Blood Vessel, Cell Potency

COMPONENTS - 4-6L in adult - Liquid connective tissue - Spinning blood separates it into its components - Regulatory function - uid balance, stabilise pH, temp control. PRODUCTION - HAEMOPOIESIS - Dynamic process - continu...

Anatomy and Human Biology/Anatomy, Physiology and Human Biology
ANHB1102
Fiona O'Shea & Vanessa Hayes
ANHB1102 Lecture Notes - Lecture 10: Folic Acid, Trophic Level, Limiting Factor

Energy and biomass - 1st law of thermodynamics = in the conversion of energy from one form to another, energy is neither lost nor gained from a system - cannot make new energy except through solar energy (but not created b...

Anatomy and Human Biology/Anatomy, Physiology and Human Biology
ANHB1102
Fiona O'Shea & Vanessa Hayes
ANHB1102 Lecture Notes - Lecture 13: Heart Valve, Endocardial Tubes, Atrioventricular Node

Embryological development (CV system) - heart is rst organ to form - beating by wk4 - blood vessels at d18 - Must be functional for nutrients and oxygen (diffusion no longer viable at wk4). - CV system are mesoderm derivat...

Anatomy and Human Biology/Anatomy, Physiology and Human Biology
ANHB1102
Fiona O'Shea & Vanessa Hayes
ANHB1102 Lecture Notes - Lecture 9: Lactose Intolerance, Sickle-Cell Disease, Lactase

Race has no biological basis - social construct. - Skin colour occurs in a cline - variation geographically and within areas. - Polygenic - Eumelanin (brown black) and pheomelanin (reddish yellow) - Believed races exis...

Anatomy and Human Biology/Anatomy, Physiology and Human Biology
ANHB1102
Fiona O'Shea & Vanessa Hayes
ANHB1102 Lecture Notes - Lecture 11: Phenotypic Plasticity, Ecology, Human Ecology

Behaviour precedes the evolution of many anatomical and physiological features eg. Locomotion change. Explaining observations; - Proximate explanations - what controls, elicits, or modies the expression of a behaviour...

Anatomy and Human Biology/Anatomy, Physiology and Human Biology
ANHB1102
Fiona O'Shea & Vanessa Hayes
ANHB1102 Lecture Notes - Lecture 17: Inferior Mesenteric Artery, Superior Mesenteric Artery, Gastric Mucosa

Pharyngeal constrictor muscles - force food down during swallowing. (pharynx connects to oesophagus). Oesophagus - covered in adventitia above diaphragm, travels through diaphragm, covered in serosa below diaphragm - upper...

Anatomy and Human Biology/Anatomy, Physiology and Human Biology
ANHB1102
Fiona O'Shea & Vanessa Hayes
ANHB1102 Lecture Notes - Lecture 15: Hydroxyl Radical, Telomerase, Grip Strength

Senescence - Becoming less functional from maturity to death (variability between different parts of body). - physical appearance - skin, hair, posture - physical capacity - cardiovascular and respiratory system - repro...

Anatomy and Human Biology/Anatomy, Physiology and Human Biology
ANHB1102
Fiona O'Shea & Vanessa Hayes
Permachart - Marketing Reference Guide: Extensor Carpi Ulnaris Muscle, Flexor Pollicis Longus Muscle, Abductor Digiti Minimi Muscle Of Hand

perm ach artsMT T rigger Points II: Extremities T rigger Points II: Extremities ...

ANAT - Anatomy
ANAT 14
All Professors
ANAT - Anatomy
ANAT 14
All Professors
ANAT - Anatomy
ANAT 14
All Professors
Permachart - Marketing Reference Guide: Sacral Plexus, Lumbar Plexus, Sympathetic Ganglion

pe rm a ch ar ts MT Spinal Cord 2nd EDITION Figure ...

ANAT - Anatomy
ANAT 14
All Professors
Multicellular Biology - Reference Guides

This Guide is the progressive companion to the Cellular Biology title. The complexities of human physiology are made much clearer through the bright graphics and intelligently coordinated text boxes and glossaries that are...

ANAT - Anatomy
ANAT 14
All Professors
Permachart - Marketing Reference Guide: Levator Veli Palatini, Orbicularis Oculi Muscle, Scalene Muscles

Muscular System: pe rm ac ha rts MT Head & Torso 2nd EDITION ...

ANAT - Anatomy
ANAT 14
All Professors
ANAT - Anatomy
ANAT 14
All Professors
ANAT - Anatomy
ANAT 14
All Professors
Permachart - Marketing Reference Guide: Heart Valve, Inferior Vena Cava, Pulmonary Valve

permacharts TM Cardiovascular Physiology 2nd EDITION HEART STRUCTURE & FUNCTION ...

ANAT - Anatomy
ANAT 14
All Professors
ANAT - Anatomy
ANAT 14
All Professors
Permachart - Marketing Reference Guide: Meiosis, Nuclear Membrane, Nuclear Pore

l e a r n • r e f e r e n c e • r e v i e w permacharts TM CCellular Biology BIOLOGY BASICS C...

ANAT - Anatomy
ANAT 14
All Professors
Cellular Respiration - Reference Guides

The specific aspects of cellular respiration are explained in this helpful Guide. The fundamental processes such as the electron transport chain, proton pumps, ATP synthetase, and glycolysis are each described with helpful...

ANAT - Anatomy
ANAT 14
All Professors
Permachart - Marketing Reference Guide: Submandibular Duct, Parotid Duct, Palatine Tonsil

pe rm a ch a rtsMT DDigestive System 2nd EDITION Fi...

ANAT - Anatomy
ANAT 14
All Professors
Permachart - Marketing Reference Guide: Antigen-Presenting Cell, Memory T Cell, Clonal Deletion

permacharts TM IImmunology 2nd EDITION G ENERAL INFORMATION - AN OVERVIEW ...

ANAT - Anatomy
ANAT 14
All Professors
Permachart - Marketing Reference Guide: Superior Frontal Sulcus, Inferior Parietal Lobule, Superior Frontal Gyrus

p erm ac hartsMT Brain 2nd EDITION FIGURE 1: GROSS ANATOMY (LATERAL VIEW) ...

ANAT - Anatomy
ANAT 173
All Professors
Permachart - Marketing Reference Guide: Superficial Palmar Arch, Costocervical Trunk, Thyrocervical Trunk

p erm a ch ar tsMT CCirculatory System 2nd EDITION Figure...

Biology
BI 361
All Professors
Organizational Behavior - Reference Guides

The systematic study of individual and group behavior within organizational structures is outlined in this coordinated Guide. Theories of leadership and individual behavior are related to the foundations of group behavior ...

Psychology
PSYC 302
All Professors

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