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Class Notes (1,030,056)
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NEUR3301 (29)

Class Notes for NEUR3301 at University of Western Australia

Advanced Neuroscience 1

NEUR3301 Lecture Notes - Lecture 33: Ependyma, Muscle Tone, Microglia

NEUR3301 Revision Lectures Electrophysiology Membrane potential: Resting membrane potential cytoplasm is negatively charged Resting membrane has high permeability for K+ because of K+ leakage channels Membrane potential ...

Neuroscience
NEUR3301
Helmy Mulders
NEUR3301 Lecture Notes - Lecture 32: Glial Cell Line-Derived Neurotrophic Factor, Fibroblast, Lentivirus

Lecture 32 Spinal Cord Injury and Regeneration White matter (substantia alba) is composed of nerve fibres Grey matter (substantia grisea) is composed of cell bodies Grey matter is made up of cell bodies: Dorsal half: sens...

Neuroscience
NEUR3301
Helmy Mulders
NEUR3301 Lecture Notes - Lecture 31: Periventricular Leukomalacia, Axoplasmic Transport, Phagocytosis

Lecture 31 Demyelinating Diseases and Therapies Oligodendroytes create myelin forming internodes Intraperiodic line refers to apposition of external surfaces Major dense line refers to apposition of internal surfaces Struc...

Neuroscience
NEUR3301
Helmy Mulders
NEUR3301 Lecture Notes - Lecture 24: Posttraumatic Stress Disorder, Temporal Lobe, Lobectomy

Lecture 2425 Imaging and Higher Brain Functions Higher cortical functions: Exectutive functions: planning, decision making, motivation, attention Reasoning, memory, learning Language, mathematical ability, musical appre...

Neuroscience
NEUR3301
Helmy Mulders
NEUR3301 Lecture Notes - Lecture 25: Brainstem, Memory Consolidation, Slow-Wave Sleep

Lecture 25 Arousal, EEG and Brain Function EEG (electroencephalogram) arises from activity of a large number of cortical neurons EEG rhythms depend on synchrony of firing Normal EEG Patterns 1

Neuroscience
NEUR3301
Helmy Mulders
NEUR3301 Lecture Notes - Lecture 22: Anorectic, Proopiomelanocortin, Neuropeptide Y

Lecture 22 Neuroendocrine Control of Fertility Hypothalamic pituitary gonadal axis is the hallmark of reproduction: GnRH neuron > hypothalamus > GnRH > pituitary > LHFSH > Gonads > Sex steroids Kisspeptin is the regulator ...

Neuroscience
NEUR3301
Helmy Mulders
NEUR3301 Lecture Notes - Lecture 21: Tinnitus, Somatosensory System, Proprioception

Lecture 21 Centrifugal control of sense organs Possible roles for centrifugal control pathways: Shaping receptive field properties: top down control of sensory processing Suppressing or enhancing specific inputs Adjusti...

Neuroscience
NEUR3301
Helmy Mulders
NEUR3301 Lecture Notes - Lecture 28: Oxidative Stress, Memantine, Dopaminergic

Lecture 28 Aging, Injury and Degeneration Age related anatomical and functional changes in CNS: Reduction in brain size and weight: mainly cerebral cortex, narrower gyri, wider sulci, subarachnoid space is larger Reducti...

Neuroscience
NEUR3301
Helmy Mulders
NEUR3301 Lecture Notes - Lecture 27: Phosphene, Conductive Hearing Loss, Cochlear Implant

Lecture 27 Sensory Deficits and Prostheses Prostheses are used for: Restoring lost function: motor and sensory Alternative to regeneration therapies Combination prosthesis and regeneration Types of prostheses: Replacem...

Neuroscience
NEUR3301
Helmy Mulders
NEUR3301 Lecture Notes - Lecture 30: Retina, Retinal Ganglion Cell, Cyclic Adenosine Monophosphate

Lecture 30 Regeneration in nonMammalian Vertebrates Essentials of neural repair: Cell survival Axon regrowth Appropriate path finding and synapse formation: topography, function Factors which affect regrowth: Extrinsic...

Neuroscience
NEUR3301
Helmy Mulders
NEUR3301 Lecture Notes - Lecture 29: Apolipoprotein, Brain-Derived Neurotrophic Factor, Astrocyte

Lecture 29 Pathology of Memory, Genetics Dementia: Progressive decline in cognitive function Characteristic of many neurodegenerative diseases Can be caused by an underlying medical condition or by a neurodegenerative d...

Neuroscience
NEUR3301
Helmy Mulders
NEUR3301 Lecture Notes - Lecture 26: Motor Action F.C., Basal Ganglia, Executive Functions

Lecture 26 Motor Systems Corticospinal (pyramidal tract) is formed of pyramidal cells in the primary motor cortex > this is a major tract in primates and is for fine motor control Anatomical relations of the basal ganglia:...

Neuroscience
NEUR3301
Helmy Mulders
NEUR3301 Lecture Notes - Lecture 18: Trapezoid Body, Wave, Cytoskeleton

Lecture 1819 Sensory Processing: Audition I and II Organ of corti contains receptors cell transducers which changes the physical properties of sound into an electrical signal sent to the brain Single auditory afferent fibr...

Neuroscience
NEUR3301
Helmy Mulders
NEUR3301 Lecture Notes - Lecture 16: Norepinephrine, Brainstem, Referred Pain

Lecture 1617 Sensory Processing: Thalamus and Cortex Midbrain areas: Thalamus: relay and integrative centre > sensory and motor activity Epithalamus: phylogenetically old > habenula (olfactory and limbic systems), pineal...

Neuroscience
NEUR3301
Helmy Mulders
NEUR3301 Lecture Notes - Lecture 14: Afferent Nerve Fiber, Arrestin, Tectorial Membrane

Lecture 14 Biophysics of Transduction Generalized sensory pathway: Sensory transduction > process that converts a sensory signal to an electrical signal: Direct sensory transduction: 1

Neuroscience
NEUR3301
Helmy Mulders

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