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Lecture 2

PHIL 1413 Lecture 2: PHIL 1413 – 09:13:16

1 Page
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Fall 2016

Department
Philosophy
Course Code
PHIL 1413
Professor
Wilks Anna
Lecture
2

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PHIL 1413 09/13/16
Regardig Morality, ethis et. there’s no objective truth. All truth is relative.
Many general truths that we believe are universal (murder is wrong etc.) can
be refuted. No truth is absolutely universal.
Concept of being normal/abnormal is significantly culturally determined. Even
the riterio of iaility to futio soially does not seem to be universal as
a test of abnormality. Other cultures employ other criteria.
Some demonstrate that those who are viewed as socially dysfunctional in one
culture are often viewed as perfectly functional in another in some cases
even admirable.
Differences are quite drastic with respect to showing anger, joy or grief, or in
human drives such as sex, and in religious rites and marriage.
Normality/Abnormality are also culturally defined. An abnormality in one
culture may be viewed as the cornerstone of another social structure.
Examples include: trance and catalepsy, homosexuality, paranoia, insanity.
The view from which we evaluate a situation in conditioned by the long
established traditions and habits of our society.
Every soiety eginning with some slight inclination in one direction or
another, carries its preference farther and farther, integrating itself more
and more completely upon its chosen basis, and discarding those types of
ehavior are unongenial.
Given that morality differs from one society to another, it ought really to be
ieed as a oeiet ter for soially approed haits.
Whe e say soethigs is good hat e really ea is that it’s haitual;
history demonstrates that these terms are synonymous.
The ajority of [humankind] quite readily take any shape that is presented to
the.
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Description
1. PHIL 1413 – 09/13/16 Regarding Morality, ethics etc. there’s no objective truth. All truth is relative. Many general truths that we believe are universal (murder is wrong etc.) can be refuted. No truth is absolutely universal. Concept of being normal/abnormal is significantly culturally determined. Even the criterion of “inability to function socially” does not seem to be universal as a test of abnormality. Other cultures employ other criteria. Some demonstrate that those who are viewed as socially dysfunctional in one culture are often viewed as perfectly functional in another – in some cases even admirable. Differences are quite drastic with respect to showing anger, joy or grief, or in human drives such as sex, and in religious rites and marriage. Normality/Abnormality are also culturally defined. An abnormality in one culture may be viewed as the cornerst
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