Self concept and how we perceive the world around us
- Self concept: is an ind’l self beliefs and self evaluation.
- Self concept varies in their complexity consistency and clarity 3 different charicaristics:
oComplexity: number of distinct and important roles or identities that that ppl perceive about
themselves. (friend, daughter sports enthusiastic .. etc), low complexity, when ind’l most impt
identities are highly interconnect, such as when they are all work related (manger, engineer,
family income earner)
oInternal Consistency: how compatible person’s self concept identies with each other and with
the persons personality, values and other attributes. High internal consistency when most self
perceived roles require similar personality, values and other attributes. Low: the opposite
(instead of similar, conflict) (ex: see yourself as exacting engineer, at the same time you see
urself as a cavalier and risk oriented skier)
oClarity: to what extend does the person define him/herself clearly, confidently ad consistently
over time? how we are? Can we describe ourselves? Clarity increases with age and with
increase Consistency with the person multiple selves.
- Too much variation causes tension and conflict.
- Now talk about 4 selves (self enhancement, verification, evaluation and social self)
-Self enhancement: a person’s inherent motivation to have a positive self concept and to have other
perceive him or her favorably, such as being competent, attractive, lucky, ethical and important.
- Or The tendency to focus on and present positive information about oneself and to minimize negative
- Ppl tend to rate themselves above average and believe they are better than average, and blaming the
situation for their mistakes.
- In organization, self enhancement can be both negative and positive:
oNegative: self enhancement can lead to bad decisions, like overestimate the probability of
success in investment plan.
oPositive: they have better mental and physical health when viewing their self concept in a