APCO 1P50 Monday October 1, 2012
What is ethics?
Moral code: set of rules that establish boundaries and acceptable behaviour. Different rules often
o Ethical behaviour/systematic [e.g. wheel chair] accommodation helps everyone.
Morality: Social conventions about right/wrong. Forms basis for an established consensus.
Imagine society as a town, ethics as our birds eye view of how people behave/abide by rules r societal
moral as decided by the community. Allows us to see patterns in ethical behaviour, or barriers may
Breach in ethics may become legitimized behaviour.
New technological developments often challenge ethics.
Morality may vary by: age, cultural group, ethnic background, religion, life experiences, education,
Virtues: habits that one gets into, “incline people to do what is acceptable”
Vices: habits of unacceptable behaviour.
Integrity: A cornerstone of ethical behaviour.
People with integrity:
Act in accordance with a personal code of principles.
Extend to all the same respect and consideration.
Apply same moral standards in all situations.
Lack of integrity emerges if you apply moral standards according to different people and situations.
Ethics: set of beliefs about right and wrong behaviour. Ethical behaviour conforms to social norms.
standards of behaviour expected of an individual by a group.
Moral: ones personal beliefs about right/wrong.
Law: system of rules that tells use what we can/can’t do.
o Equal enforcement (by set of institutions)
o Legal acts conform to the law.
o Moral acts conform to what an individual believes is the right belief of right/wrong as nurtured.
Ethics in Business
Both likelihood and negative impact of inappropriate behaviour elevated.
Trends increasing likelihood of unethical behaviour
Globalization (leads to complex work environments)
Organizations challenged to maintain profits/revenue.
Heightened vigilance by: employers, shareholders, regulatory agencies.
Both executives and lower-level employees can find themselves in the middle of an ethical dilemma.
Read IT scandals in textbook – HP, IBM, Computer Associates International
To gain goodwill of the community.
To create an organization that operates consistently.
To foster good business practices.
Gaining the Goodwill of Community
Organizations have fundamental