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BIOL 2P02 (103)
Lecture

The Structure of Genomes

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Department
Biology
Course
BIOL 2P02
Professor
Adonis Skandalis
Semester
Fall

Description
The Structure of Genomeshow DNA is put together to make an organismGenome DNA content of an organism Analysis of genomic DNA compositionfunction of DNA in the genome structure of DNA in the genome the problem of DNA contentgenome compositors Key TermsC value paradoxRepetitive elementsPolymorphismsatellite DNATransposable elements need to understand all of the above at end of this section Cvalue paradox amount of DNA carried by an organisms in the genome does not correlate with the complexity of an organism Flowering plants have more DNA than humans mammals have more DNA than lizards a single amoeba simplest eukaryotic organism has a genome of200000 Mbmega base pairshumans 35 picograms pgmarbled lungfish 132pgparish japonica flowering plant 152pgcomplexity is Instructions based Number ofgenes complexity is incorporations of elements needed to assemble an organismthe complexity of eukaryotic genomes DNA can be grouped into 3 subcategories Highly repeated fractions Moderately repeated fractions
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