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Ingrid Makus (72)

Class Notes for Ingrid Makus

Principles of Zoology

BIOL 2P92 Lecture Notes - Phenylketonuria, Reading Frame, Phenylalanine Hydroxylase

Genetic Code  DNA codes for assembly of amino acids / forms a polypeptide chain (proteins - enzymes)  The code is read in a sequence of three bases called o Triplets on DNA (e.g. CAC TCA) ...

Biological Sciences
BIOL 2P92
Ingrid Makus
Growth and its Measurement

Growth And Its Measurement Methods Of Measuring Growth  Human growth is diffuse (→spread throughout) o Adult is taller, larger from front to back, has larger organs than a child  Growth: permane...

Biological Sciences
BIOL 2P92
Ingrid Makus
BIOL 2P92 Lecture Notes - Enzyme, Semiconservative Replication, Dna Replication

Nucleic Acids - The Key to Life  Nucleic acids carry the genetic code that determines the order of amino acids in proteins  Genetic material stores information, can be replicated, and undergoes mutations ...

Biological Sciences
BIOL 2P92
Ingrid Makus
BIOL 2P92 Lecture Notes - Thermoregulation, Directional Selection, Earwax

Chapter 10- Studying Adaptation: Evolutionary Analysis of Form and Function • Explanation of organismal design is among the triumphs of the theory of evolution by natura...

Biological Sciences
BIOL 2P92
Ingrid Makus
BIOL 2P92 Lecture Notes - Allele Frequency, Mutation, Polyploid

 Species are named on the basis of statistically significant differences in the traits used to estimate the phylogeny  Recent analyses have found that the phylogenetic species concept often distinguishes ...

Biological Sciences
BIOL 2P92
Ingrid Makus
BIOL 2P92 Lecture Notes - Allopatric Speciation, Assortative Mating, Genetic Drift

 Natural selection is a potent force for divergence Sexual Selection  Sexual selection acts on characters involved in mate choice. Changes in sexual selection can cause reproductive isolation an...

Biological Sciences
BIOL 2P92
Ingrid Makus
BIOL 2P92 Lecture Notes - Dna Mismatch Repair, Pleiotropy

 And yet, longer life spans have not evolved The Evolutionary Theory of Aging  Under the evolutionary theory, aging is caused not so much by cell and tissue damage itself as by the failure of organisms to co...

Biological Sciences
BIOL 2P92
Ingrid Makus
Population

In populations where mortality rates are high individuals tend to breed earlier in life Read example on mainland and island opossums Pg 500502 Populations have not evolved longer life spans because the power of natural se...

Biological Sciences
BIOL 2P92
Ingrid Makus
BIOL 2P92 Lecture Notes - Ceratitis Capitata, Mating Plug, Internal Fertilization

Intrasexual selection- differential mating success among individuals of one sex due to interactions with members of the same sex (ex. Fighting with each other over the opposite sex); for example, differences in mating suc...

Biological Sciences
BIOL 2P92
Ingrid Makus
BIOL 2P92 Lecture Notes - Parasitoid, Life Time Fitness, Ovipositor

 Lack’s hypothesis predicts that parents will attempt to rear that number of young that maximizes the number of surviving offspring. Data indicate that parents often rear fewer offspring. Efforts to identify whi...

Biological Sciences
BIOL 2P92
Ingrid Makus
BIOL 2P92 Lecture Notes - Estrous Cycle, Testicle, Sperm Competition

 Vast majority of organisms are ectothermic, means that their body temperatures are determine by the temperatures of their environments  Body temperature has a profound effect on an ectotherm’s physiologi...

Biological Sciences
BIOL 2P92
Ingrid Makus
BIOL 2P92 Lecture Notes - Parental Investment, Amazon Rainforest, Cucumber Beetle

11.3-Sexual Selection on Males: Female Choice  There is a great variety of species in which male reproductive success is limited by opportunities to mate but in which males are unable to monopolize either fema...

Biological Sciences
BIOL 2P92
Ingrid Makus
BIOL 2P92 Lecture Notes - Endangered Species, Biome, Edge Effects

Chapter 57 – Conservation Biology  Conservation biology – an applied scientific discipline devoted to preserving the diversity of life on Earth ■ modern conservation biology is supported by and integ...

Biological Sciences
BIOL 2P92
Ingrid Makus
BIOL 2P92 Lecture Notes - Involuntary Commitment, Grey Matter, Lobotomy

 s symp Recent research  Zakzanis; conclusion tha the specific role of deficits in the temporal lobes has been overstated and that more diffuse dysfunction exists  MRI studies found a subtle 4% b...

Biological Sciences
BIOL 2P92
Ingrid Makus
BIOL 2P92 Lecture Notes - Bipolar Disorder, Maudsley Hospital, Eugen Bleuler

Negative symptoms  Consist of behavioural deficits, such as avolition, alogia, anhedonia, flat affect, and asociliaty  These symptoms tend to endure beyond an acute episode and have profound effects on the l...

Biological Sciences
BIOL 2P92
Ingrid Makus

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