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BIOL 2P92 (117)
Lecture

Positive Feelings

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Department
Biology
Course
BIOL 2P92
Professor
Ingrid Makus
Semester
Fall

Description
 Have no sense of shame, or even their seemingly positive feelings for others and merely an act  Very passive (have difficulty initiating projects or doing things on their own), not being able to disagree with others, allowing others to make their decisions for them  They do what’s necessary to maintain a close relationship  Prevalence a little over 1.5%  Higher figures are around India and Japan and more frequent in women  Co-occurs with borderline, schizoid, histrionic, schizotypal and avoidant personality disorders as well as with Axis I diagnoses of bipolar disorders, depression, anxiety disorder and bulimia Obsessive-Compulsive Personality Disorder  Applies to those who have perfectionistic approach to life  Preoccupied with details, rules, schedules and the like  They pay so much attention to detail that they never finish projects  They are work rather than pleasure oriented and have inordinate difficulty making decisions and allocating time  Poor interpersonal relationship because they are stubborn and demand everything to be done a certain way  “control freaks”  Generally serious, rigid, formal and inflexible, especially regarding moral issues  Found more in women  Difference from obsessive-compulsion disorder: it does not include the obsessions and compulsions that define OCD  Highly comorbid with avoidant personality disorder  Prevalence 1%  5 factor model  Neuroticism, Extroversion/Introversion, Openness to experience, Agreeableness/antagonism, and conscientiousness Etiology of the Anxious, Fearful cluster  Causes has focused on parent-child relationships  Its believe that dependent personality disorder results from an over protective and authoritarian parenting style that prevents the development of feelings of self- efficacy  Can also be reflection of attachment problems  Abnormal attachment behaviours seen in dependent personalities may reflect a failure in the usual development process arising from a disruption in the early parent-child relationship owing to death, neglect, rejection or over protectiveness  Avoidant personality disorders may reflect the influence of an environment in which the child is taught to fear people and situations that most of us regard as harmless  Freud viewed obsessive-compulsive personality traits as being due to fixation at the anal stage of psychosexual development  Contemporary psychodyn
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