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Child and Youth Studies
Rebecca Raby

March 5 & 7, 2013 Lecture 8: Racialization and education Outline I/ Schooling II/ Defining race, culture and ethnicity III/ Making race, culture and ethnicity IV/ Discrimination and education V/ A different kind of classroom? Main points -Schools both challenge, and contribute to, inequality -Culture, ethnicity and race are distinct and shifting terms -Young people’s lives are shaped by culture, ethnicity and race, sometimes with difficult consequences, including dealing with inequality and racism in schools -Various movements challenge the school’s reproduction of inequalities I/ Schooling A) Schools and equality Skill development and credentials Encountering diversity B) Socialization and society Reproducing culture Hidden curriculum Dominant norms C) Schools and inequality 1. Social reproduction theory: Bowles and Gintis (1976) Schooling in Capitalist America - a “classic!’ Via preparing students for certain kinds of work… E.g. Barman, Jean “Schooled for Inequality: The Education of British Columbia Aboriginal Children” E.g.: military recruiting in US inner city schools And sorting procedures E.g.: Jenny Oakes (1985) Keeping Track: How Schools Structure Inequality E.g.: Angela Valenzuela. (2009) “Subtractive schooling, caring relations, and social capital in the schooling of U.S.- Mexican youth”. 2. Unequal resources (see Schissel) - exacerbated by inequality and underfunding 3. Rewarding of cultural capital - Cultural capital revisited - School’s values are whose values? - For some an easier fit - For some a harder fit II/ Defining race, culture and ethnicity Culture: The "set of distinctive spiritual, material, intellectual and emotional features of society or a social group… it encompasses, in addition to art and literature, lifestyles, ways of living together, value systems, traditions and beliefs" (UNESCO 2002) Ethnicity: More specifically defining a group of people based on shared cultural features that are often linked with language, traditions, religion, history and nationality. Race: Defining a group of people based on physical characteristics that are deemed to be social significant. Racialization: the production of racial identities Racism: Believing that one racial group is superior
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