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Department
Child and Youth Studies
Course
CHYS 1F90
Professor
Rebecca Raby
Semester
Winter

Description
1 CHYS 1F90, Feb. 26 & 28, 2013 Week 7: Class, inequality and poverty Assignment hand in: have you underlined your thesis? Indicated on the front of your assignment which CRC Article you’ve written on? Circled which Section B questions you answered? If yes, yes, yes, then you can hand it in! Outline I/ Defining class II/ Inequality in Canada III/ Contributors to inequality IV/ Effects of class differences V/ The deficit model VI/ Cultural capital VII/ Cultural capital in action Main points There are various overlapping but distinct definitions of class Class-based inequality is a feature of our society and has a significant impact on young people’s lives. Cultural capital suggests hidden forms of class inequality. I/ Defining class... -Differences in wealth: “money and valuable goods a person or family controls minus outstanding debt” (Macionis 259). -Class as occupation, with a focus on income -Relation to means of production -relational -proletariat, petty-bourgeoisie, and bourgeoisie -Skills, educational resources -Class composite II/ Inequality in Canada A) Ideology of classlessness: idea that class not relevant but really it is 2 B) The growing gap -Since 1980 top earnings up by 16.4%, lowest falling by 20.6% -Net worth of those with income over $75 000 up 15.2% since 1999 -Net worth of those with income $20 000 - $29 000 down 21.2% since 1999 C) Poverty 1) Some stats: -About 1 in 10 children in poverty (2008, after-tax income) -Children and youth 38% of food bank users but only 20% of the population -Average household debt: $112 329 See: Campaign 2000 http://www.campaign2000.ca/reportCards/national/2010EnglishC2000NationalReport Card.pdf 2) Some patterns -Indigenous peoples: 1 in 4 children in poverty -Visible minorities: same -Single moms: 1 in 5 children in poverty -Working poor III/ Contributors to inequality A) Individual le
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