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CHYS 1F90 (374)


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Brock University
Child and Youth Studies
Rebecca Raby

1 CHYS 1F90 Jan 29 & 31, 2013 Week 4: Constructing Youth I/ Defining terms II/ A psychological view III/ Role-taking IV/ Critical theory V/ Discourses VI/ Midterm info, Section B Main points -Adolescence, teenager and youth are distinct yet overlapping concepts -Adolescence and teenagehood are often pathologized -There are different perspectives explaining adolescence, teenager and youth -Socio-cultural theorists tend to see these as context-specific, social concepts I/ Defining terms Child Youth Adolescence -Late 19th / Early 20th century -Stanley G. Hall -Rise in psychology and sociology -Concerns about the future -Embedded in the individual -Adolescent as problem 2 -Sexuality as special concern Teenager Trouble: Post World War 2 Fun: Link to consumption II/ Psychological adolescence Adolescence Risk Taking The process of Adolescence -The notion of “becoming” an adult Rebellion -Stanley Hall’s “problem” -Controlled -Rebelled Why do some teens “rebel”? Traditional Development Psychology proposes an answer for this question 3 Freud: Id vs Ego Coming into adolescence a child is in the “latency” stage – Id and Ego are “balanced” Adolescents is the “genital” stage -Bombarded with instinctual “urges” -An internal struggle between Id and Super Ego So the process of adolescence is one of great internal stress Erikson Also a time of struggle -To form one’s “identity” -Breaking away from identity of parents Truly a time of “becoming” -Parental role is supporting If “becoming” isn’t support, difficulties may arise Piaget Also a time of “becoming” Adolescence is a time to develop “abstract thinking” skills -Parental role is to support this Conflict arises if society (parents) force their own way of thinking about a situation -Doesn’t allow for teen to “practice” A period of becoming -Development from childhood to adulthood 4 -Filled with internal conflict and struggle -An important time of growth -The “end result” is an adult who is thought to be capable of negotiating an “adult world” III/ Role-taking for modern society Chang
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