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Child and Youth Studies
Rebecca Raby

1 CHYS 1F90, Feb 5 & 7, 2013 Week 5: Children and youth as producers and consumers Outline I/ Children and work II/ Young people and work in Canada III/ Commodification of childhood IV/ Children as consumers Main points Idealized childhood is complicated by processes of production (work) and consumption There are diverse and culturally specific distinctions between what is considered accept- able and unacceptable work for children Children ad consumers, and childhood itself is commodified I/ Children and work What are some kinds of work that young people do that you feel okay about? Why? What are some kinds that you feel uncomfortable with? Why? A) Childhood outside market relations - review Public/private spheres Innocent childhood Other discourses of childhood B) Acceptable child work? As becoming 2 -Link to training -Link to rite of passage When is work educational and when is it exploitative? As vital contribution... -Domestic labour -Labour within families -Paid work -Child as being? C) Exploitation? Link to innocence, protection and becoming 1. Legislated provincially Minimum ages Protecting education Conditions of work Protecting development 3 Agriculture as exception 2) Within UN CRC Article 32.1 States Parties recognize the right of the child to be protected from economic exploitation and from performing any work that is likely to be hazardous or to interfere with the child's education, or to be harmful to the child's health or physical, mental, spiri- tual, moral or social development. Article 28: Right to education (a) Make primary education compulsory and available free to all; (b) Encourage the development of different forms of secondary education… [and] make them available and accessible to every child. 3) “Worst case” labour E.g. hazardous work E.g. soldiering Article 38.2 States Parties shall take all feasible measures to ensure that persons who have not attained the age of fifteen years do not take a direct part in hostilities. Article 38.3 States Parties shall refrain from recruiting any person who has not at- tained the age of fifteen years into their armed forces... E.g. prostitution Article 34: States Parties undertake to protect the child from all forms of sexual exploita- tion and sexual abuse. For these purposes, States Parties shall in particular take all ap- propriate national, bilateral and multilateral measures to prevent: (a) The inducement or coercion of a child to engage in any unlawful sexua
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