CHYS 1F90, Feb 5 & 7, 2013
Week 5: Children and youth as producers and consumers
I/ Children and work
II/ Young people and work in Canada
III/ Commodification of childhood
IV/ Children as consumers
Idealized childhood is complicated by processes of production (work) and consumption
There are diverse and culturally specific distinctions between what is considered accept-
able and unacceptable work for children
Children ad consumers, and childhood itself is commodified
I/ Children and work
What are some kinds of work that young people do that you feel okay about? Why?
What are some kinds that you feel uncomfortable with? Why?
A) Childhood outside market relations - review
Other discourses of childhood
B) Acceptable child work?
As becoming 2
-Link to training
-Link to rite of passage
When is work educational and when is it exploitative?
As vital contribution...
-Labour within families
-Child as being?
Link to innocence, protection and becoming
1. Legislated provincially
Conditions of work
Protecting development 3
Agriculture as exception
2) Within UN CRC
Article 32.1 States Parties recognize the right of the child to be protected from economic
exploitation and from performing any work that is likely to be hazardous or to interfere
with the child's education, or to be harmful to the child's health or physical, mental, spiri-
tual, moral or social development.
Article 28: Right to education
(a) Make primary education compulsory and available free to all;
(b) Encourage the development of different forms of secondary education… [and]
make them available and accessible to every child.
3) “Worst case” labour
E.g. hazardous work
Article 38.2 States Parties shall take all feasible measures to ensure that persons who
have not attained the age of fifteen years do not take a direct part in hostilities.
Article 38.3 States Parties shall refrain from recruiting any person who has not at-
tained the age of fifteen years into their armed forces...
Article 34: States Parties undertake to protect the child from all forms of sexual exploita-
tion and sexual abuse. For these purposes, States Parties shall in particular take all ap-
propriate national, bilateral and multilateral measures to prevent:
(a) The inducement or coercion of a child to engage in any unlawful sexua