Class Notes (810,913)
Canada (494,374)
Brock University (11,942)
CHYS 1F90 (374)


6 Pages
Unlock Document

Brock University
Child and Youth Studies
Rebecca Raby

1 Jan 22 & 24, 2013 Lecture 3: Ideal childhoods - a question of rights? Outline I/ Historicizing western childhood II/ Childhood into the 20th and 21st centuries III/ Shaping policy: UN Convention on the Rights of the Child IV/ Midterm Part A: Short essay assignment Main points Looking at history denaturalizes how we see childhood in the present Key shifts have dramatically shaped Western childhood The UN CRC reflects specific ideas about childhood The UN CRC is a key policy document – with strengths and weaknesses I/ Historicizing western childhood A) Why look at history? Shapes the present Disrupts ideas of ‘natural’ or ‘normal’ in the present Raises important questions Is childhood of today a reflection of scientific improvements in knowledge of what children inherently need (modernist)? Does our thinking about childhood in the present reflect certain economic/industrial conditions? if so, who benefits and how might this thinking perpetuate inequality? (critical theory) Is current childhood just one of many possibilities that makes sense in different contexts (constructionist)? B) Shifts in ideas: the invention of childhood? 1) Philippe Aries – Centuries of Childhood Thesis: Modern childhood emerged in Europe between the 15th and 18th centuries 2 Method: Painting Dress and toys Work, games, punishment Debates with Aries: Disagreement on the evidence: Challenges of historical data Aries’ data Aries’ assumptions Agreement: the form that childhood takes is socially and historically specific And there were dramatic shifts in childhood from the middle ages into industrialization C) Shifts in material conditions 1) Features of Western industrialization -shifts in economic system changing ideas and experiences of childhood 2) Working Canadian children in the 19th century Work inside the home Work outside the home -away from farm work and apprenticeships -towards factory work Mixed thoughts on working children 3 3) Wealthier children and the private sphere Public/private division Ideology of domesticity Innocence and childhood 4) Expanding ideas of middle class childhood Work of social reformers Philanthropy Moralizing Middle class childhoods New initiatives and laws Training mothers Rural placements Curfews Labour and schooling laws... Ontario Factories’ Acts 1886 children’s work restricted in factories with 20 workers or more 1889 amended to companies with 5 workers or more 4 Overhead Chart: Employment of Children in Relation to Total Workforce in All Ontario Industrial Establishments Reported in Census 1871 1881 1891 1901 1911 Children* 7101 9018 10354 5065 5178 Full 87281 118308 166326 142330 212330 W
More Less

Related notes for CHYS 1F90

Log In


Don't have an account?

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.