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Lecture 6

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Brock University
Child and Youth Studies
Rebecca Raby

Lecture 6: Global inequality and globalization Main Points - There are global differences in understandings and experiences of young people - Global inequality contributes to such differences and directly affects young people’s lives - Children’s lives are shaped by local and global political and economic decisions Global Diversity and Inequality - Religion and culture o E.g. Burr’s work on Vietnam (2006) o E.g. USA and the CRC o E.g. “In Africa we carry our children so they feel loved” (The Guardian, 2004) - Geography o Where are you located and how will it influence your life - Internal inequalities o Rachel and Burr article o Within nations o Within families  Older child might have more privileges than younger children - Global inequalities: across nations 1. Global Income Distribution o “The Hungry Planet” -> pictures 2. Globalization o Global flow of capital and commodities o Regulated movement of people  Tourism  Adoption  Overseas and migrant workers  Immigrants and refugees  Policies, e,g, CRC  Global inequality  Global flow of information  Cultural influence  Environmental issues Child Work in a Global Context - General differences between industrialized nations and the global south o Child work more common in global south o Link to poverty o Link to demand for cheap labour o Lack of supported education - Bourdillon, “Working Children in Zimbabwe” o Child labour vs. work o Diversity of children’s work o The African Charter on the Rights of the Child  The right of the child to work - Addressing the situation? o Children’s say, e.g. “Bolivia’s child workers unite to end exploitation” (The Guardian, 2012) o Accessible education o Integrated approach  Combining work and education o Monitoring Internalization of Capital and Children’s Work - Multinational corporate expansion - Effects in terms of production and consumption - E.g. Klein, Naomi. 2000. No Logo: Taking Aim at the Brand Bullies o The side around how things are made o Another side – what’s done with the garbage at the end -> often get shipped overseas and the better parts are extracted  Bad for peoples health - Multiple investors - Limited skill training - Cheap goods from problematic conditions - Erosion of local serv
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