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CHYS 1F90 (374)

week 7.docx

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Child and Youth Studies
Rebecca Raby

Week 7: Class, inequality and poverty Main points - There are various overlapping but distinct definitions of class - Society and has a significant impact on young people’s lives - Cultural capital suggests hidden forms of class inequality Defining Class - Differences in wealth: “money and valuable goods a person or family controls minus outstanding debt” (Macionis 259) - Class as occupation, with a focus on income - Relation to means of production o Relational o Proletariat, petty-bourgeoisie and bourgeoisie - Skills, educational resources - Class composite Inequality in Canada A) Ideology of classlessness o Idea that class isn’t relevant, but really is o Middle-class o B) The growing gap o Since 1980 top earnings up by 16.4%, lowest falling by 20.6% o Net worth of those with income over $75 000 up 15.2% since 1999 o Net worth of those with income $20 000-$29 000 down 21.2% since 1999 C) Poverty - Some stats o About 1 in 10 children in poverty (2008, after tax income) o Children and youth 38% of food bank users but only 20% of the population o Average household debt: $112 329 o EG Campaign 2000 - ard.pdf - Some patterns o Indigenous people: 1 in 4 in poverty o Visible minorities = same o Single moms: 1 in 5 children in poverty o Working poor – 1 in 3 Contributors to Inequality a) Individual level o Parental un/employment  Underemployment -> 30 hours a week  Parents capacity to earn o Wealth (or not) o Parental education and skill  Direct link to employment -> better chance of getting a well-paid job o Timing of parenthood o Family formation  Larger family takes more money o Dis/ability  Mental illness, accidents, malnutrition  Extra costs b) Community/national level o Un/employment levels o VIDEO: Poor no more (  Local grocery store making
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