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Lecture 4

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Child and Youth Studies
Rebecca Raby

1 CHYS 1F90 Jan 29 & 31, 2013 Week4:ConstructingYouth I/ Definingterms II/ Apsychologicalview III/Role-taking IV/ Criticaltheory V/Discourses VI/Midterminfo,SectionB Mainpoints -Adolescence, teenager and youth are distinct yet overlapping concepts -Adolescence and teenagehood are often pathologized -There are different perspectives explaining adolescence, teenager and youth -Socio-cultural theorists tend to see these as context-specific, social concepts I/ Definingterms Child Youth- 15-25 Adolescence- normally talked about from puberty to 20. -Late 19th / Early 20th century -Stanley G. Hall -Rise in psychology and sociology as a discipline -Concerns about the future -Embedded in the individual -Adolescent as problem -Sexuality as special concern, they shouldn’t have sex to early should be focused more on love and absentness Teenager 2 Trouble: Post World War 2. Are they going to behave and be obedient? Fun: Link to consumption. You could go to the movies. Happy days were made to reflect the 1950’s; it showed their worries about teenagers having access to cars etc. these concepts have not been around all the time. II/ Psychologicaladolescence Adolescence Risk Taking The process of Adolescence -The notion of “becoming” an adult Rebellion -Stanley Hall’s “problem” -Controlled -Rebelled Why do some teens “rebel”? Traditional Development Psychology proposes an answer for this question -Freud -Erikson -Piaget Freud: Id vs Ego Coming into adolescence a child is in the “latency” stage – Id and Ego are “balanced” therefore not much happens. Adolescents is the “genital” stage -Bombarded with instinctual “urges” 3 -An internal struggle between Id and Super Ego So the process of adolescence is one of great internal stress Erikson Also a time of struggle -To form one’s “identity” -Breaking away from identity of parents Truly a time of “becoming” -Parental role is supporting If “becoming” isn’t supported, difficulties may arise Piaget Also a time of “becoming” Adolescence is a time to develop “abstract thinking” skills, kids cant understand the concept of outer space or religion but adults would have a completely different answer. -Parental role is to support this Conflict arises if society (parents) force their own way of thinking about a situation -Doesn’t allow for teen to “practice” A period of becoming -Development from childhood to adulthood -Filled with internal conflict and struggle -An important time of growth -The “end result” is an adult who is thought to be capable of negotiating an “adult world” III/Role-takingformodernsociety Changing circumstances have lengthen the time an adolescent has to go through to become an adult. Positive roles 4 Emergent adulthood- now It ta
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