CHYS 1F90 Jan 29 & 31, 2013
-Adolescence, teenager and youth are distinct yet overlapping concepts
-Adolescence and teenagehood are often pathologized
-There are different perspectives explaining adolescence, teenager and youth
-Socio-cultural theorists tend to see these as context-specific, social concepts
Adolescence- normally talked about from puberty to 20.
-Late 19th / Early 20th century
-Stanley G. Hall
-Rise in psychology and sociology as a discipline
-Concerns about the future
-Embedded in the individual
-Adolescent as problem
-Sexuality as special concern, they shouldn’t have sex to early should be focused
more on love and absentness
Trouble: Post World War 2. Are they going to behave and be obedient?
Fun: Link to consumption. You could go to the movies. Happy days were made to
reflect the 1950’s; it showed their worries about teenagers having access to cars etc.
these concepts have not been around all the time.
The process of Adolescence
-The notion of “becoming” an adult
-Stanley Hall’s “problem”
Why do some teens “rebel”?
Traditional Development Psychology proposes an answer for this question
Freud: Id vs Ego
Coming into adolescence a child is in the “latency” stage – Id and Ego are “balanced”
therefore not much happens.
Adolescents is the “genital” stage
-Bombarded with instinctual “urges” 3
-An internal struggle between Id and Super Ego
So the process of adolescence is one of great internal stress
Also a time of struggle
-To form one’s “identity”
-Breaking away from identity of parents
Truly a time of “becoming”
-Parental role is supporting
If “becoming” isn’t supported, difficulties may arise
Also a time of “becoming”
Adolescence is a time to develop “abstract thinking” skills, kids cant understand the
concept of outer space or religion but adults would have a completely different answer.
-Parental role is to support this
Conflict arises if society (parents) force their own way of thinking about a situation
-Doesn’t allow for teen to “practice”
A period of becoming
-Development from childhood to adulthood
-Filled with internal conflict and struggle
-An important time of growth
-The “end result” is an adult who is thought to be capable of negotiating an “adult
Changing circumstances have lengthen the time an adolescent has to go through to
become an adult.
Positive roles 4
Emergent adulthood- now It ta