Class Notes (810,860)
Canada (494,337)
Brock University (11,941)
CHYS 1F90 (374)

Lec 9

6 Pages
Unlock Document

Brock University
Child and Youth Studies
John Mc Namara

Child and Youth Studies CHYS 1F90 DDr. J. McNamara Fall/Winter 2010 Children and Youth with Behavioural Needs Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD)  Not a learning disability per se • Kids with LD have ADHD  A type of behavioural disability  Often is comorbid with LD – Children with ADHD often have LD (40-50%) Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder  Age-inappropriate degrees of inattention and impulsivity, with and without hyperactivity • Behaviour not within norm • Its there from birth; can’t be developed  Chronic and serious inattentiveness, hyperactivity, and/or impulsivity  Cause unclear – thought to be neurological  Affects approximately 5% of the students population WWhat causes ADHD • Chemical balance that we have that allows us to focus  Many theories but still unclear  Lower brain response to stimuli – Chemical imbalance  Lower arousal levels • Lack of this chemical causes ADHD – Chemical imbalance – not able to focus Characteristics of ADHD  3 broad categories – Attention disorder (Inattentive Type – Type IN)  Difficulty sustaining attention  Affects school work, play, remembering Predominantly Inattentive Type  At least 6 of the following symptoms of inattention must have persisted for at least 6 months to an extent that is maladaptive and inconsistent with developmental level – Fails to give close attention to details or makes careless mistakes in schoolwork, work, or other activities – Has difficulty sustaining attention in tasks – Does not seem to listen to what is being said – Does not follow through on instructions and fails to finish schoolwork – Has difficulties organizing tasks and activities – Avoids or dislikes tasks that require sustained effort – Loses things necessary for tasks or activities – Is easily distracted by extraneous stimuli – Forgetful in daily activities Predominantly hyperactive –impulsive type  At least 6 of the following symptoms of hyperactivity-impulsivity must have persisted for at least 6 months to an extent that is maladaptive and inconsistent with developmental level – Hyperactivity  Fidgets with hands or feet or squirms in seat  Leaves seat in classroom or in other situations in which remaining seated is expected  Runs about or climbs excessively in situations where it is inappropriate  Has difficulty playing or engaging in leisure activities quietly  Talks excessively  Acts as if driven by a motor and cannot remain still • Symptoms can change • Adults with ADHD – tapping feet, touching things – Impulsivity  Blurts out answers to questions before questions have been completed  Has difficulty waiting in lines or awaiting turns in games  Interrupts or intrudes on others Characteristics of ADHD  3 broad categories – Attention disorder  Difficulty sustaining attention  Affects school work, play, remembering – Hyperactivity – impulsivity disorder  Can’t remain still or stay on task  Appear hyperactive and impulsive – Combo  Both characteristics  6 from both categories Classification cont’d 4 General Factors the must be considered  For a student to be diagnosed as ADHD, these factors must also be considered – The age of onset for the symptoms must be no later than 7 years of age ­ Can have after the age of 7 but the symptoms need to be present before 7; should be present before 7 when diagnosed – The symptoms must be present in at least 2 situations (Ex. At school and at home) – The disorder causes clinically significant distress or impairment in social, academic, or occupational functioning • ADHD can be diagnosed by a physicist, therapist – The disorder is not another psychiatric disorder Issues of Over-diagnosis  Considering normal or typical behaviour  Developmental norms Treatment of ADHD  Stimulant medication – Thought to increase the production of neurotransmitters such as norepinephrine – Stimulate chemicals in the brain that are associated with attention  Examples – Ritalin (methylphenidate)  Concerta (methylphenidate) Medication  2.5 million children take medication for ADHD  80% of children respond positively  Side effects are relatively mild and not long lasting  25 cases of sudden death  54 cases of cardiovascular difficulties  Most families begin medication as a result of a recommendation from a teacher BBehaviour modification programs  Behaviour is managed through the use of interventions and strategies  Student works with
More Less

Related notes for CHYS 1F90

Log In


Don't have an account?

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.