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Lecture 4

Week 4: Troubling Teens.doc

4 Pages

Child and Youth Studies
Course Code
Rebecca Raby

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Original Lecture = “Cambria” Tuesday, January 28, 2014. Added on notes = “Arial Narrow” Week 4: Troubling Teens Outline Midterm info I/ Defining terms II/ A psychological view III/ Role­taking IV/ Critical theory V/ Discourses Main points - Child, adolescent, teenager and youth are distinct yet overlapping concepts. - Adolescence and teenage­hood are often pathologized. - There are different perspectives explaining adolescence, teenager and youth. - Socio­cultural theorists tend to see these as context­specific, social concepts . Midterm info, Section B - Covers material from weeks 1­5  - Three questions from a choice of four - Max one page, double spaced, 12pt font - Each answer will be marked out of ten - Due Feb. 25/27 - Hand in to turnitin and paper copy in lecture: o Course ID:   7591862, Course Password: happydays How to prepare: - Do your readings - Make sure you understand the material  - Answer all parts of the question - Provide ‘road signs’ to the reader - Define terms - Do more than one draft What is a teenager? I/  Defining terms Child - Anyone under the age of 18 - Mostly younger folks (Ages 0-12) Adolescent - The term adolescence was not a popular term until the late 19th/early 20th century - Stanley G. Hall was the man who made this term popular – suggested that adolescence is a universal stage - He was sort of part of the rise of psychology and had a real interest in populations and people - He also looked at ways to organize and categorize people - Linked to rise in psychology and sociology - Adolescence as universal stage (roughly approximating the “teen years” - And a stage of trouble and problems (a time that would have to be worried about) - Embedded in the individual – what was going on between each individual - Especially concerned with sex and sexuality and that it was important to contain/control adolescent sexuality = appropriate gender development Tuesday, January 28, 2014. Teenager - “teenager” was an even younger term - The idea of “teenagers” became more and more popular just after World War II - Trouble: Post World War 2 (was a time of responsibility) - (see ‘moral hygiene’ films, e.g. “How to be Popular” - These types of people were also associated this age group with trouble - Teenagers also associated with Fun: Link to spending and consumption (a willingness to use their income to have fun) - Youth (late teens, early twenties, young adults): flexibly defined II/ A note on psychology… - Adolescence o Risk Taking o Teenage Rebellion - Stanley Hall (an American psychologist and educator) o Teen brain are “not mature” o Teens take risks and make un­thoughtful decisions o Teens rebel  o Is this inevitable? Last semester… - Underdeveloped pre­frontal cortex - Self­regulatory systems not mature - Remember Omar and Nathan? - The defence used the “immature brain” argument to explain their behaviour Beatrice and John Whiting (anthropologists) - Doesn’t occur in some cultures - In other cultures it only occurs after Western ideals are introduced - Is teen rebellion a Western­influenced concept? - Is it cultural / contextual? o These concepts and foundational understandings of teens do not hold up all the time o Poses a real challenge for traditional psychologists How can traditional psychology learn from a cultural approach? - Maybe the environment (culture) created the neurological underdevelopment - Neural Sculpting – a teenager’s typical development does not necessarily include an immature brain and it may happen because of environmental changes
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