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Brock University
Child and Youth Studies
Rebecca Raby

1January 26 Lecture 3Ideas about childhoodthe west and the restMain pointsLooking at history denaturalizes how we see childhood in the presentKey shifts have dramatically changed experiences of many childrenThe UN CRC reflects specific ideas about childhoodThe UN CRC is a key policy documentwith strengths and weaknessesI Historicizing western childhoodA Challenge of historical dataLimited data in general not everybody kept records Records that were kept were institutional churches etc Childrens voice we can see and hear things but we dont know how they felt Some voices of upper class children that kept diaries and art Interests of those producing documents why were they created but others werentMaking inferences assumptions and beliefs dont match the people that were actually painting or being painted We have to recognize where it is actually coming fromB Shifts in ideasthe invention of childhood1 Philippe AriesCenturies of Childhood French scholar of people in France in the middle ages Thesis our modern conception of childhood is something that did not exist in the middle ages Childhood did not really exist MethodHe said if you look at the middle ages you dont see paintings of kids looking like kids they look more like adults He also argued there were not unique gamestoys for kids adults and kids played same games There were also no special laws in place for kids th centuryadults and kids were equal Adults and children also dressed the same By the 15 we see a shift where children become their own category2 Debates with AriesOn the evidence people have said he makes his statement based on a specific place and selection of people Bourgeois population France He focused on paintings that actually made children looked older which suggested they would be a good match to parents looking to have children Children dressing the same as adults can still be said today we just see their clothing are different On the causes of shifts Base is what has really been changingAgreementthe form that childhood takes is socially and historically specificYes Aries has made it clear that the form childhood takes is socially and historically
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