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Lecture 11

Child and Youth Development - Lecture Eleven.docx

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Child and Youth Studies
Anthony Volk

CHYS 2P10 1 1 April 2013 Child and Youth Development: Lecture Eleven Peers Continued  Peers are two or more people who are socially equal and operate at similar levels of behavioural complexity  Peer contact increases over the course of childhood while adult contact decreases  See figure 14.4 average conformity scores for antisocial behaviour by age  Conformity more likely to occur around age 14 then at older ages  Children move away from parents toward peers, and then move away from peers toward the individual  Peek in adolescence that shows when peers are most important Peer Benefits  Peers increase sociability, the willingness to interact with others and seek their attention/approval  Development of sociability begins slowly, then increases during the early years of development Sociability  Sociability in the preschool years 1. Nonsocial activity (playing by themselves) 2. Onlooker play (watching what the other child is doing but not interacting) 3. Parallel play (children playing beside each other – recall egocentric interaction) 4. Associative play 5. Cooperative play (children can fully cooperate in play) Sociability  Peer interactions continue through middle childhood and adolescence  Games with rules help children regulate themselves and adapt to the social guidelines  Peer groups emerge  Cliques are groups define by a difficult to join or leave (become isolated)  Adolescent cliques and crowds begin around ages 12-14 Parental Influence on Peer Contacts  Neighborhood of residence (are peer interactions high or low?)  Daycare or playmate choices  Direct versus indirect supervision of preschoolers  Good for children to try and sort problems out themselves and intervene only when the children cannot do so 
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