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CHYS 2P10 (161)
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Lecture 8

CHYS 2P10 lecture 8.docx

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Child and Youth Studies
Course Code
Anthony Volk

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CHYS 2P10 December 9 2013: 118 MC questions (Definitions and application are important) EXAM PREP: Notes on second half of the material: Lecture 8: (Emotions) - Discrete emotional theory: basic emotions are innate and associated with bodily/facial reactions - Emotion: reaction and experience from environmental stimulus - Functionalist perspective: views on emotion as playing an adaptive role helping the individual achieve goals - Secondary emotions: emerge at age 2 and can include: embarrassment, shyness, guilt, jealously, pride, envy, contempt, etc - Primary emotions: occur at age 1 or are innate: distress, disgust, sadness, fear, interest, surprise, joy, anger, etc - Empathy: ability to recognize, perceive, and feel the emotions of another (putting yourself in someone else’s shoes) - Social referencing: infants use another’s cues to interpret events - Ex: social smiling smile because others are smiling - Selman’s 5 roles of social development: - Ability to understand one’s self and others around them - 1. Egocentric/undifferiented (self centered and don’t care) - 2. Social-info role taking (share info with others) - 3. Self-reflective role taking (get feedback) - 4. Mutual role taking (both use feedback) - Societal role (constant within society) - Role taking = related to experience - TOM (theory of mind): understanding human actions (intentions and beliefs, emotions, and desires) by underlying mental states - Social development: moral judgements of others - (empathy for example) - Cognitive development: reasons about representations - Measuring false belief tasks: - Ball task with the 2 kids playing, 1 kid puts the ball in a basket then leaves the room, the other kids removes the ball and places a different basket... where will the first kid look for the ball? - 4 year olds and under have trouble answering this question because they have not yet developed theory of mind - False photograph test: same test except done by showing pictures of the events - Dissociation in development: age 3-4 (TOM)/ cognitive skills begin to develop, and dissociation is that the kids younger do not understand why (can’t place themselves in the other kids shoes that has no knowledge of the ball being moved) - Animacy test: using shapes to show a task/story - Kids with no TOM will not understand what the pictures are they will just think they are a bunch of shape on a page random - Bear/Dragon test: another false test (inhibition test) - Bear is nice and the dragon is
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