1. Zygote is a single celled fertilized egg that means what in Greek?
- Yolked together
2. DNA tells the cells what function to specialize in… for example a ner cell,
bone cell, hair cell, brain cell. Your DNA actually does this by telling
- the nutrients where to go
3. How does heredity affect something like personality?
- Affects children’s reactivity and ability to regulate their thoughts, emotions, and
4. The difference between an identical twin and a ferternal twin is that an
identical twin is created when …
- same egg separates into 2
5. In twin studies, identical twins scored most similar on …
- physical characteristics: height, eye colour, hair colour
- intelligence and personality is 50/50 (not as strongly genetic)
6. The range of reaction principal: what is it?
- Genes set boundaries for range of phenotypes based on the environment
7. Genetic temperamental predispositions initiate a trajectory path that …
- can be tempered, mediated, altered by environment/experiences
8. Teratogens are …
- agents such as viruses, drugs, and chemicals, radiation that can harm a developing
9. What parts of the body are the first to reach true adult size?
- Hands and feet
10. Synaptogenesis is to neuron as …
- texting is to a teen
11. Myelin is to experience as …
- myelin is the fatty substance that wraps around and makes for more effective
communication and you need lots of myelin, and that comes from experience to
- food to teenage boys
12. Neural pruning is to brain development as …
- Artist is to canvas
- pruning is the ‘use it or lose it’ 13. Cognition is …
- knowing, thinking
14. Assimilation and accommodation are …
- attempts at cognitive equilibrium
15. Schema is to learning as …
- script is to movie
- schema is literally like a script. The idea to have a basic understanding of
something, and when new information comes in we add it.
16. Which of Piaget’s stages is a small boy in a robin costume in (3 years old)?
17. A Piaget teacher who uses lots of hands on, concrete experiments is likely
a teacher of ______ children
19. Constructivism is to learning as …
- milk is to a cow, builders are to homes, owners are to restaurants
20. Vygotsky would say that language is to learning like …
- pencil is to paper
21. The zone of proximal development is …
- Vygotsky’s description of the difference between what a learner can accomplish
alone and with the guidance of a more skilled partner
22. Which of the following is a teaching strategy associated with
- Inquiry and project based learning
Human mind similar to computer: limited capacity, hardware, software
Model of the flow of information in thinking
Information flows in three main stores:
- sensory store: when information from out in the environment goes in for
us to detect it and make sure that its there.
- Short term store: if we can remember it. This store can register a lot of
information but only very briefly. Holds information temporarily; executes
operations on information.
- long term store: if we process and keep it Multisore model: a schematic model of the human information processing
system. Learners who have very elaborate techniques and strategies are the
ones who do well in school however this takes a lot of time.
What neural process facilitates quicker processing through this system?
- The strategies we use to push thi