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Lecture 9

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Brock University
Child and Youth Studies
Lauren Mc Namara

Agression and Bullying The development of aggressionAtypical Behavioural DevelopmentAltruism development of the prosocial selfMoral development affective cognitive and behavioural componentsTheories of moral developmentThe development of aggressionAggressionBehaviour with the intent to harm Types of AggressionHostile aggressionGoal is to harm victimInstrumental aggressionHarm is means to an end in order to get something access to bjects space or privilegesAggression is Range of behaviours that result in both physical and psychological harm to oneself others or objects in the environmentWhy is is stableGenetic predispositionsParenting influencesCoercive home environmentsNegative reinforcementCultural influences societies differ in aggressivenessAggression is a fairly stable traitHigh levels of aggression in toddlerhood predict delinquency in adulthoodAggression and bullying Bullying unwanted aggressive behavior among school aged children that involves a real or perceived power imbalance Often consistent 17are bullied and 19bully6 do bothBoys are physically bullied girls are verbally bullied Children with exceptionalities are more likely to be victimizedGifted children children with learning disabilities experiencemore victimization than their peersObese children experience more victimization thanRelational AggressionUsing the removal or threat of the removal of a relationship as the vehicle of harm spreading lies gossiping secrets grudges Spreading malicious lies gossip secretsignoring silent treatmentexclusionpredominantly girlsAssociated withmaladaptive problemsinternalizingsymptoms depression anxiety self harm Relational aggression can increase with developmentgirls onlyChildren acquire more social skillsSpend more time with close friends Intimate friendships relational aggression against romantic relationships Monitor the context of their friendships Types of BullyingPhysical BullyingHitting kicking shoving spotting beating up stealing and damaging propertyVerbal bullyingName calling mocking hurtful teasing humiliating threatening racist comments sexual harassmentName calling is the most frequent type of verbal bullyingnegative comments aboutappearance intellectual capacity sexuality personality right to the core of the persons being in order to hurt themfrequent use ofexpletivesSocial bullyingeye rolling turning from someone excluding others from thegroupsetting others up to look foolishdamaging friendshipsElectronic bullying
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