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CHYS 2P15 (21)

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Brock University
Child and Youth Studies
John Mc Namara

Child and Youth Studies CHYS 2P15 Dr. J. McNamara Feb 12 & 15, 2013 School Reform Political process with the goal of improving public education - reform is a systems level issue - If we were to reform our school board, we would be improving education Even small improvements have resulted in large social returns Health, well being, financial, etc. - not just in school and in the classroom, but in health, jobs, etc. MMeager Results Not for a lack of resources… $4 billion “Reach for the Top” grants, etc. - Lots of money spent to increase scores, but nothing increased (grants, scholarships, etc.) Classroom demographics Student population since 1970 has increased by 8% Number of teachers rose by 61 Student / Teacher ratio dropped from 27-to-1 in 1970 to 15-to-1 in 2008 - decreased the ratio of kid to teacher significantly, spent lots of money to do so, but aren’t seeing the results they hoped for Preschool Number of children attending preschool has increased from 11% to 63% So why the meager results? Education reformers have yet to discover transformative changes in curriculum or the way it is delivered Especially for vulnerable schools and communities (inner city) So why the meager results? Ineffective Teachers Emotional environment: what was needed was a connection between the teacher and their students; empathy, understanding (an emotional connection between teacher and student that shows care for how well the students do) The kids who felt that their teachers cared essentially did better on their work. Teacher skill Teacher motivation Student participation; student engagement in the classroom Rules and grades; students have say in this - even kids in low SES communities are active, are capable, and this is what makes an effective teacher TheeResult… • Unmo vateddlearners – Con nugthecycee Dschoollikee
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