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issue lec 5 - march 5th.docx

5 Pages

Child and Youth Studies
Course Code
John Mc Namara

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CHYS 2P15 – J. McNamara Lecture Notes March 5 & 8, 2013 Term 2 Integrated Response Paper  Due by Friday March 15 (4pm)  Hand into CHYS 2P15 Drop-box (CHYS)  Submit to – Course ID: 5789767 – Password: CHYS2P15 Children and Youth Mental Health  Michael Marchione Children and Youth Mental Health  Depression  Anxiety  Schizophrenia  Bipolar  Eating disorders  Etc Children and youth mental health  One in five Ontarians under 19 has a mental health disorder  530,000 children with mental health issues – 300,000 have more than one disorder nd Mental health costs  Mental disorders are the 2 highest source of direct health care costs (hospitals, physicians, medicines) in Canada  The average cost of treating children’s mental health problems in community-based agencies is less than $2,500 per child per year.  The cost of a pediatric hospital bed is more than $2,500 per day.  Children whose mental health problems are untreated are bullied, bully other students, withdraw, abuse drugs & alcohol, engage in self-harming behaviours, drop out, etc. Cost of mental health Suicide  Suicide is the 2 ndleading cause of death among 10-24 year olds (24% of all deaths)  Every day, 120 young people attempt suicide in Ontario; every week, on average, two or three succeed rd  Canada has the 3 worst suicide rate in the world for 15 to 19 year olds Impact on Families • Families are often completely unprepared for mental illness - System is well prepared to deal with things like the flu, or a cold … there is no preparation for something like this • The path from onset to acceptance of mental health difficulties in a child can be long and difficult. • The diagnosis impacts the whole family Impact on Children and Youth In Canada, only 1 out of 5 children who need mental health services receives them The impact of undiagnosed and untreated mental illness: • Poor functioning at a critical developmental period • Children often fail to develop the social, functional and academic skills they need to succeed in life Prevention  75% of 21 year olds with mental health problems had prior problems – Most report symptoms start before age 20  Average age for onset of anxiety disorders among Canadians is 12  Childhood mental illnesses compound if not treated – Become more vulnerable – By the time adulthood emerges – host of other problems (alcoholism, homelessness, etc). Improve Early Identification Examples: • Mental health screening at all ages: could become part of an elementary school • Warning signs (child and family): catching kids who are at risk, catching it early enough to have a big enough impact • Training of school / public health personnel Impact of Support  Once depression is recognized, help can make a difference for 80% of people who are affected, allowing them to get back to their regular activities. - Once someone has help and good help, it works Active Minds  National organization  Promotes awareness at colleges and universities  Place for people to get involved in the community  Place to recognize that its not only individuals who are struggling with mental health that need to be active in this organization, its also individuals who are not involved with mental health at all  Send Silence Packing: place backpacks in dedicated areas, with a story attached in it about the person that placed the bag there … demonstrates the wide amount of people affected by this issue 1. Be Aware: we are in touch with lots of children and youth in the community and schools, and depression/mental health is not just an issue in university and colleges, it happens at all ages 2. Have an active mind about bringing support Michael – 3 year Concurrent Education Student  When he was 6 his parents separated; doesn‟t attribute his experiences to his parents divorce … but of course it has taken a toll on him at some level  Started grade 2 at a brand new school because of the divorce; had to start over  Only had one parent around  Grade 1 – felt that he was “popular” … at his new school it didn‟t go this way, felt he couldn‟t connect with as many people as he had anticipated; this made him become shy  It was a struggle to maintain true friendship; found himself always feeling sad and upset  Children at that age are relatively happy and outgoing  He felt pains in his chest, struggling to breath and talk, was really hard to get up in the morning  He was the only male in his house, and was really good at presenting himself to his family as being okay  Bullying became a really big part of his life; was called names “loser, fatty, chubby, faggot”  He didn‟t really have friends to go to for support or have people to back him up  By grade 5 he finally decided to tell his mom that he was constantly feeling upset  Went to the doctors and found out that he had depression and anxiety  His mom also battles depression; so she wasn‟t surprised … but of course she wasn‟t happy to hear that her son was goin
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