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CHYS 2P15 – February 14th.docx

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Brock University
Child and Youth Studies
Lauren Mc Namara

CHYS 2P15 – February 14 , 2014 Term 2 Assignments th - Due March 14 (SAKAI drop box) - Due April 4 (Paper copy submission) Learning Disabilities - Approximately 1-2 kids per class have a learning disability Hilary – that caused my child’s learning disability? - 4 year Honors thesis - Biggest question: what caused my child’s learning disability? Neurological Dysfunction - Reading disabilities are associated with mri dysfunction in the superior temporal lobe - fMRI’s show us this data - Typical results from an fMRI show weak activation patterns in the left hemisphere with strong activation in the right hemisphere - Number one theory for why this happens: cell migration o Premature interruption of migration can lead to dyslexia - What causes this? o Comes back to the idea of genes and chromosomes o A mutation in DCDC2 (a gene in chromosome 6) is associated with a reading disability - Mutations o Two types 1. Germline mutations (hereditary) o Before fertilization o Run in families 2. De novo (new) mutations o After fertilization - Learning from twins o MZ twins share 100% of their genes o DZ twins share 50% of their genes o If dyslexia was purely genetic (100%) and one identical twin has dyslexia, what are the chances that the twin will be affected o 60% concordance rate o If dyslexia was purely genetic we would expect both twins to be affected o Why isn’t it 100%  Unsure - Children may have a susceptibility toward neurological dysfunction but high quality environments remain the most predictive variable of success Programs - Structured reading o Targeted o Explicit o Systematic - Essentially what we are doing is neural sculpting - Does it work? o Academically (environmentally) and Neurologically The importance of understanding the science of learning disabilities Another Perspective (John) 5 cents / 5 minutes / 47 days 1. A bat and a ball cast $1.10 in total. The bat costs $1.00 more than the ball. How much does the ball cost? 2. If it takes 5 machines 5 minutes to make 5 widgets, how long would it take 100 machines to make 100 widgets? 3. In a lake, there is a patch of lily pads. Every day the patch doubles in size. If it takes 48 days for the patch to cover the entire lake, how long would it take for the patch to cover half of the lake? Full Court Press - Approached the game differently - Instead of retreating after a basket and playing defense, a basketball team of shorter girls used a technique called full court press and started to win - Being unconventional - Forced to think differently The underdog – Learning Disabilities - Processing problems - Kids who struggle with reading disabilities are challenged with this adversity - Our school systems rely heavily on reading - We are taught to learn conventionally - Children with learning disabilities learn unconventionally - Being unconventional is a strength Aimee Mullins - NCAA track athlete - 1996 Olympics - Model and actress - SI’s “coolest girl in sports” - Advocate for learning disabilities - Perhaps the existing model of only looking at what is broken in you serves to be ore disabling than the pathology itself - See through the pathology and into the range of human capability - The focus on the disability is worse than the disability itself -
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