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Children and War.docx

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Brock University
Child and Youth Studies
Jenny Janke

PagCHYSSOCI 2P38June 10 20141eLecture Children and WarRemindersAssignment 2 and virtual Dropbox in SakaithDue by Monday June 16 at 10pmFilm analysis returned on Thrusday in seminarUN Optional Protocol On the CRCIn 2000 the United Nations adopted an Optional Protocol to the Convention on the Rights of the Child on the involvement of children in armed conflict The protocol prohibits the forced recruitment of children under the age of 18 or their use in hostilities Ratified by more than 110 countries Paris Principles and Guidelines on Children Associated with Armed Forces or Armed Groups 2007 The internationally agreed definition for a child associated with an armed force or armed group child soldier is any person below 18 years of age who is or who has been recruited or used by an armed force or armed group in any capacity including but not limited to children boys and girls used as fighters cooks porters messengers spies or for sexual purposes It does not only refer to a child who is taking or has taken a direct part in hostilitiesIntroductionScope1 No exact figures but guesstimates of hundreds of thousands of children under the age of 18 serve in government forces or armed rebel groups 2500003000002 Some are as young as eight years old3 Since 2001 the participation of child soldiers has been reported in 21 ongoing or recent armed conflicts in almost every region of the world4 Children are uniquely vulnerable to military recruitment because of stages of development both emotionally and physically Likely to suffer from inequality Children are still emotionally and physically still developingIf they are young enough are arent able to understand the long term impacts of violence and their participation They may not understand the notion of war or the criminal aspect of war They have that ability to rationalize this is a crime this is what the UN says but Im still going to do it In a ways they have some blinders onAs well they are physically smaller who can be a spy and be used in the front lines to sweep for mines Children who suffer from systemic inequality are more vulnerable to be recruitedYou also have the think about the countries themselves and the particular context of each country that employs child soldiers 5 In Democratic Republic of the Congo DRC where 47 percent of the population of 66 million are under the age of fifteen WHO 2010 child recruits are abundant You also have the think about the countries themselves and the particular context of each country that employs child soldiersTherefore youth are more available more attractive for those who are needing work
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