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Lecture 4

CHYS 1F90 Lecture Notes - Lecture 4: Developmental Psychology, Latency Stage, Turnitin

Child and Youth Studies
Course Code
Rebecca Raby

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CHYS 1F90 week 4: Constructing Youth
Week 4: Constructing Youth
Main points
Adolescence, teenager and youth are distinct yet overlapping concepts
Adolescence and teenagehood are often pathologized
There are different perspectives explaining adolescence, teenager & youth
Socio-cultural theorists tend to see these as context-specific, social concepts
- UN - Anyone who is under 18 years old.
- UN -18-34 years of age
- In Ontario, 14-24 years
- Varies by country/culture
- Idea became in the 15th century
- Not a prominent term until the late 19th century
o Stanley G. Hall
Rise in psychology and sociology
Discovered adolescence / made the category become more popular
Concerns about the future
Manhood (adolescence as a time to cultivate manhood)
Helped develop boy scouts
Embedded in the individual
Adolescents as a problem
Sexuality as special concern
- Risk taking, reckless, rebellion, curious, misunderstood, emotional, incomplete, impulsive, living
- After WW2 -> teenager became a popular term
o Associated with trouble
- Responsibilities and jobs
- Men coming back -> teenagers seen as teenagers
o Concerns
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CHYS 1F90 week 4: Constructing Youth
Getting into trouble
Linked to fun -> factories creating consumer goods (E.g. car, domestic
instruments stoves, vaccum cleaners)
- More stuff, more freedom than before
- Happy Days clip
o Motorcycles, cars -> more ways to get to places
o Jokes/pranks -> more fun
o More consumer goods to use
o Little family scene
o Associated with working class family
o More disposable income -> more ads identified to teenagers
Psychological Adolescence
- The notion of “becoming” an adult
- Stanley Hall’s “problem”
o Controlled
o Rebelled
o Period of trouble
o Adolescence marked as a period of rebellion today
o Thought of as a feared period
Why do some teens ‘rebel’?
- Traditional developmental psychology proposes an answer for this question
o Freud
ID vs. Ego
Coming into adolescence, a child is in the “latency” stage – ID and Ego are
Adolescents is the “genital” stage
Become aware of their sexuality again and “what it can do”
Time full of turmoil
Bombarded with instinctual “urges
An internal struggle between ID and Super Ego
So the process of adolescence is one of great internal stress
Important developmental milestone
Outcome is the adolescent becoming a well-rounded adult
Parents need to allow the stress, if they don’t, rebellion will happen
o Erikson
Also a time of struggle
To form one’s “identity”
Breaking away from the identity of parents
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