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Lecture 2

CHYS 1F90 Lecture Notes - Lecture 2: Operant Conditioning Chamber, Ecological Systems Theory, Tabula Rasa


Department
Child and Youth Studies
Course Code
CHYS 1F90
Professor
John Mc Namara
Lecture
2

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Child and Youth Studies CHYS 1F90
Child and Youth Studies CHYS 1F90
Dr. J. McNamara
Dr. J. McNamara
Fall 2011
Fall 2011
Foundations of Development
Foundations of Development
Kail & Barnfield (2009)
Bronfenbrenner (1994)
Lecture Overview
Lecture Overview
Roles of theories
Theories and viewpoints in developmental psychology
How theories of development are applied
What is a
What is a Theory
Theory?
?
A set of concepts and propositions that describe, organize, and explain a set of observations
What makes a theory good?
must be the least complex explanation
must be able to be tested
must predict future behaviour
Fundamental Issues in Developmental Theories
Fundamental Issues in Developmental Theories
Nature / Nurture
An interaction
Overview
Overview
Theories and viewpoints in developmental psychology
Biological theories of development
Psychodynamic theories
Learning-based theories
Cognitive-Developmental theory
Contextual theories
Psychoanalytic Theories
Psychoanalytic Theories
Freud’s Psychosexual Theory
Freud’s Psychosexual Theory
Conflict of individual’s instinct and societal norms for behaviour
Three components of personality
Id
Ego
Superego
Inner Conflict
Inner Conflict
Between Id – Ego - Superego
Psychoanalytic Theories
Psychoanalytic Theories
Freud’s stages of psychosexual development
Stages propose shifts in focus on parts of body
Oral (birth – 1 year)
Anal (1 – 3 years)
Phallic (3 – 6 years)
Latency (6 -11 years)
Genital (12 onward)
Erikson’s Psychosocial Development
Erikson’s Psychosocial Development
A neo-Freudian
Viewed children as more active in development than Freud
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