CHYS 1F90 Lecture Notes - Lecture 2: Tabula Rasa, Behaviorism

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Published on 12 Oct 2011
School
Brock University
Department
Child and Youth Studies
Course
CHYS 1F90
CHYS 1F90 – Lecture 2
CHYS 1F90 – Lecture 2
Dr. J. McNamara
Dr. J. McNamara
Fall 2011
Fall 2011
Foundations of Development
Foundations of Development
Kail & Barnfield (2009)
Bronfenbrenner (1994)
Lecture Overview
Lecture Overview
Roles of theories
Theories and viewpoints in developmental psychology
How theories of development are applied
What is a
What is a Theory
Theory?
?
A set of concepts and propositions that describe, organize, and explain a set of observations
What makes a theory good?
Must be the least complex explanation
Must be able to be tested
Must predict future behaviour
Fundamental Issues in Developmental Theories
Fundamental Issues in Developmental Theories
Nature vs. Nurture debate
An interaction (It’s an interaction of biology and environment)
Overview
Overview
Theories and viewpoints in developmental psychology
Biological theories of development
Psychodynamic theories
Learning-based theories
Cognitive-Developmental theory
Contextual theories
Psychoanalytic Theories
Psychoanalytic Theories
Freud’s Psychosexual Theory
Freud’s Psychosexual Theory
Conflict of individual’s instinct and societal norms for behaviour
Three components of personality
Id (he thought humans had a basic instinct – the Id wants want it wants. I.e. the
joker is an adult version of an Id, he did want he want with no care.)
Ego (sense of balance; the middle ground between Id and Superego)
Superego (this force that understands morals that are right and wrong, and
controls the Id)
Inner Conflict
Inner Conflict
Between Id – Ego - Superego
Psychoanalytic Theories
Psychoanalytic Theories
Freud’s stages of psychosexual development
Stages propose shifts in focus on parts of body
Oral (birth – 1 year) – exploration with their mouths -> thumb-sucking
Anal (1 – 3 years) – begins to exhibit some control over themselves;
Phallic (3 – 6 years) – becomes aware of the difference b/w girls&boys;
Latency (6 -11 years) – develops an ego;
Genital (12 onward) – hormone development;
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Document Summary

A set of concepts and propositions that describe, organize, and explain a set of observations. An interaction (it"s an interaction of biology and environment) Psychoanalytic theories: conflict of individual"s instinct and societal norms for behaviour. Id (he thought humans had a basic instinct the id wants want it wants. I. e. the joker is an adult version of an id, he did want he want with no care. ) Ego (sense of balance; the middle ground between id and superego) Superego (this force that understands morals that are right and wrong, and controls the id) Stages propose shifts in focus on parts of body. Oral (birth 1 year) exploration with their mouths -> thumb-sucking. Anal (1 3 years) begins to exhibit some control over themselves; Phallic (3 6 years) becomes aware of the difference b/w girls&boys; Latency (6 -11 years) develops an ego; Viewed children as more active in development than freud. More emphasis on social and cultural influences on development.

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