lecture 6.doc

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Week 6
Feb 15, 2012
Lecture 6: Global inequality and globalization
Outline
I/ Global diversity and inequality
II/ Child work in global context
III/ Maternal and child health
IV/ Global economic policy
V/ Global movement of people
Main points
There are global differences in understandings and experiences of young people
Global inequality contributes to such differences and directly affects young people’s lives
Children’s lives are shaped by local and global political and economic decisions.
I/ Global diversity and inequality
A) Geographic features
B) Religion and culture
C) Internal inequalities
-within nations
-within families
D) Global inequalities: across nations
1) Global income distribution: Charts
2) Global income distribution: From The Hungry Planet (2005) by Peter Menzel and Faith D’Aluisio
http://www.time.com/time/photogallery/0,29307,1626519,00.html#ixzz1lcd41wBw
3) Globalization
Capital and commodities
Policies
Inequality
Information
Culture
People
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2
Environment
II/ Child work in a global context
1. General differences between industrialized nations and the global south
-Child work more common in global south
-Link to poverty
-Link to demand for cheap labour
-Lack of supported education
2. E.g. Boudillon, M. 2005. “Working Children in Zimbabwe” Sociological Studies of Children and Youth, 10, pp.7-
21
Child labour vs work
• Zimbabwe
The African Charter on the Rights of the Child
Similar issues in many other countries, including Pakistan
3. Addressing the situation?
Accessible education
Integrated approach
Children’s say
• Monitoring
Support for parents
4. Internationalization of capital and children’s work
• Multinational expansion
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