lecture 7.doc

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March 1 & 2
Week 7: Class, inequality and poverty
Outline
I/ Wrap up on global lecture
II/ Defining class
III/ Inequality in Canada
IV/ Contributors to inequality
V/ Effects of class differences
VI/ Cultural capital
VII/ Cultural capital in action
I/ Wrap up on global lecture
•Overall
•Global movement of people
-Movement of young people
-Movement of people bridging worlds
Main points
•There are various overlapping but distinct definitions of class
•Class-based inequality is a feature of our society and has a significant impact on young people’s lives.
•Cultural capital suggests hidden forms of class inequality.
II/ Defining class
Differences in wealth: : “money and valuable goods a person or family controls minus outstanding debt
(Macionis 259)
Class as occupation, with a focus on income
Relation to means of production
-relational
-proletariat, petty-bourgeoisie and bourgeoisie
Skills, educational resources
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Class composite
III/ Inequality in Canada
A) Myth of classlessness
idea that class not relevant
B) The growing gap
• Since 1980 top earnings up by 16.4%, lowest falling by 20.6%
• Net worth of those with income over $75 000 up 15.2% since 1999
• Net worth of those with income $20 000 - $29 000 down 21.2% since 1999
C) Poverty in Canada
1) Some stats:
•About 1 in 10 children in poverty (2008, after-tax income)
•Children and youth 38% of foodbank users but only 20% of the population
•Average debt of each Canadian: $41 740
See: http://www.campaign2000.ca/reportCards/national/2010EnglishC2000NationalReportCard.pdf
1) 2) The deficit model
2) 3) Challenging the deficit model:
One in Six (Elementary Teachers Federation of Ontario)
IV/ Contributors to inequality
A) Individual level:
un/employment
wealth (or not!)
education/skills
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