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CHYS 1F90 Lecture Notes - Social Learning Theory, Operant Conditioning, Little Albert Experiment

Child and Youth Studies
Course Code
Rebecca Raby

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Child and Youth Studies CHYS 1F90
Dr. J. McNamara
Fall 2012
Foundations of Development
Kail & Barnfield (2009)
Bronfenbrenner (1994)
Lecture Overview
Roles of theories
Theories and viewpoints in developmental psychology
How theories of development are applied
What is a Theory?
A set of concepts and propositions that describe, organize, and explain a set of observations
What makes a theory good?
must be the least complex explanation
must be able to be tested
must predict future behaviour
Fundamental Issues in Developmental Theories
Nature / Nurture
Nature -> biological predispositions are most important
Nurture-> environmental influences are most important
An interaction of biology and environment
Theories and viewpoints in developmental psychology
Biological theories of development
Psychodynamic theories
Learning-based theories
Cognitive-Developmental theory
Contextual theories
Psychoanalytic Theories
Freud’s Psychosexual Theory
Conflict of individual’s instinct and societal norms for behaviour
Three components of personality
Id instinctual urges; don’t act on it
Ego helps to govern between the id and superego
Superego societal norm; do what’s right
Inner Conflict
Between Id Ego - Superego
Psychoanalytic Theories
Freud’s stages of psychosexual development
Stages propose shifts in focus on parts of body
Oral (birth 1 year)
Anal (1 3 years)
Phallic (3 6 years)
Latency (6 -11 years) not much happens development wise
Genital (12 onward)
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