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CHYS 2P15 Lecture Notes - Reading Disability, Learning Disability, Interdisciplinarity

Child and Youth Studies
Course Code
John Mc Namara

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CHYS 2P15 Issue Lecture
Tuesday, November 20th, 2012
Hand in to the 2P15 CHYS drop box … in the new CHYS department!
(Cairns building)
Turn it in: course I.D 5789767, Password- CHYS2P15 … attach receipt
to last page of assignment
John will upload outline for title page on Sakai
Section A & B: 2 pages per section (4 total) (1 extra for references -lecture
& readings lecture page 5 is reference page for BOTH part A and B)
Citing is same as it was for 1F90 check old notes
APA referencing and format, double space
3 questions per section … answer them in question form not essay form
(but still paragraph form, not point form, can have a couple of paragraphs
per question if you need to)
For the third question in each section, use examples and integrate your
placement (This would make a spectacular answer)
You can write in first person … just don‟t get too carried away
Base answers on lecture, readings and placement
Vulnerable Children and Youth
Risk Factors
- those factors that impede healthy development
Child Maltreatment: Kate Twigger, Children’s Advocacy Center
Child‟s advocacy center – these centers deal with child abuse and criminal
She works at a special building out of FACTS
If there was a type of abuse like sexual, or physical (bruising, etc.) They
deal with these special situations. They‟re organization is more child
friendly and child centered.
Multi disciplinary team to make sure families get the best care (sexual
testing, tests on different marks on the children, etc.)
She provides all the service coordination and support services
Day to day: children come to the center when there has been an allegation
of abuse
- child would come in with a non-offending caregiver (someone who‟s not
hurting them)
- interviews: video and audio recorded (for court and so the child doesn‟t
have to tell it a million times)
- crisis intervention: ask questions, advice, referrals to counseling, group
therapy, etc.

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- most cases are sexual cases
- how to care for the child
She is a brock grad … did an undergrad in CHYS and then her masters
(was in con-Ed but wanted to do this instead of teaching)
- Victim advocacy training, special certificates to get job
She doesn‟t feel she NEEDED her masters to do her job, however it is an
asset … she is also the manager of administration … so she takes care of
stats and bookkeeping as well (she feels she needs her masters for this)
Non-violent crisis intervention certificate, first aid, training for restraints
with children (usually 3 day courses) etc.
Some places require
Risk Factors associated with Child maltreatment
Lots of risk factors that makes a child more at fault for abuse
Girls are more likely to be sexually abused then boys, the margins are not
nearly as different as people think (60% girls, 40% boys at her
Disabled children, children in poverty, children with mental health
problems/parents, children with low achievement, parents with addictions,
parents who have been exposed to maltreatment are also more likely to
treat their children in the same ways
Sexual abuse transcends risk factors at times … a lot of the times the
children that are sexually abused are not usually done so by their parents
(others such as coaches, teachers, extended family etc.)
She deals with well-to-do families, well off families (cannot stereotype one
time of family)
Nobody is immune to being abused
Sometimes people get away with hurting children because they are really
good at what they do and have been doing it for a period of time
Works with families at the absolute max for 2 years (if they go to trials,
Most of the times they plea out before this max time is reached
Out come measures
Children abused are more vulnerable to lower educational achievement
(dropping out of high school, don‟t go to post secondary)
Increased behavioural problems, eating disorders, anxiety, depression
Aggression, acting out
Addictions to alcohol/drugs
People think that individuals who have been sexually abused are more
likely to sexually abuse … this ISN‟T true (don‟t be afraid of these people)
More likely to attempt suicide
Increase risk of being abnormal sexual play: doing weird things with toys,
etc. (because they have had experience they externalize these
experiences in real life, with toys, verbally, etc.)
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